Achillea multifida (DC.) Griseb.
3136 (3). A. multifida (DC.) Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2 (1846) 213; Ptarmica multifida DC., Prodr. 7 (1838) 295; Velen., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 269; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, 2 (1925) 1130; Hub.-Mor., Fl. Turkey, 5 (1975) 229; A. atrata subsp. multifida (DC) Heimerl, Denkschr., Kaiserl. Acad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 48 (1884) 140; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 2 (1931) 634; A. aromatica Velen., Abh. Math. Nat. CI. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 7, (1886) 1; A. clusianaTauschs.lat.,sensul.Richardsonin Fl.Eur.4(1976) 161 — Алпийски равнец
Fam: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Genus: Achillea L.
Species: Achillea multifida (DC.) Griseb.
English Name: not found a common name
Perennial plant with a characteristic intense odor. Rhizome thin, cylindrical, ascending or horizontally branched, with numerous roots. Stems ascending or erect, (5) 10 - 20 (30) cm tall, round, green, finely longitudinally ribbed, simple, spreading and close-fitting fibrous. Leaves with sparse to densely spreading white simple hairs; basal oblong, (10) 30 - 40 mm long and 8 - 10 mm wide, double to triple pinnate; shares 4 - 10, lance, pointed, little shares (1) 2 - 3 (5) mm long and 0.2 - 0.5 mm wide; stem similar, few in number, crushing. Baskets ovate-hemispherical, 2 - 10 at the tips of the branches, 8 - 10 mm in diameter, on long white woolly, 3 - 15 mm long petioles, forming a top thyroid complex inflorescence; shell 5 - 7 mm wide, conically convex at the base, the leaflets greenish, ovate-elliptic to lance, blunt at the tip, with a wide (up to 0.5 mm) membranous, dark brown edge, on the back with sparse white long hairs to naked; outer slightly shorter and narrower than middle and inner, keeled, with a convex midrib. The external 6 - 8 (10) flowers are tongue, the tongue flowers are white, 2.5 - 3 mm long, broadly elliptical, on the top rounded in three-part; internal numerous, tubular, yellow, the wreath glandular spotted. Flower bed spherical conical, mesh of pits; bracts broadly membranous, slightly keeled, yellow-greenish, brown on top. Fruits oblong-elliptic, brownish, 1 mm long, barely winged at the edge.
N o t e:
A. multifida is described by Northwestern Anatolia (Bitinski Olympus, Uludag). Velenovsky (1891), Stoyanov and Stefanov (1925) and later Bulgarian authors refer to this species the close morphologically populations distributed in our country and in the southeastern parts of the Balkan Peninsula. Morphologically close to A. multifida is A. clusiana, distributed in the karst regions of the Austrian Alps. Probably for this reason Richardson (1976) treats A. clusiana in a wider taxonomic range and refers to it the Balkan populations previously associated with A. multifida. Perhaps influenced by this decision, Franzen (1991) refers A. multifida to the synonymy of A. clusiana. Recent studies of the group A. multifida - A. clusiana give grounds to perceive the species independence of these two taxa, A. multifida with range in Romania, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, North. Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, east to the Northwest. Anatolia and A. clusiana s. p. with limited distribution in the Northeastern Alps. Preliminary molecular and comparative morphological studies support this decision (cf. Saukel et al. 2003).
The two species, as well as the nearby A. atrata L. with a limited area in the Alps, are allopatric, vicarious in the high mountain areas of the Alpine and Balkan mountain systems, east to Asia Minor. They are probably of common origin and are treated by some authors (Heimerl, I.e. and Hayek I.e.) as a species with geographical races with the rank of subspecies.
T y p u s. A. aromatica Velen. On the mountain paths at Vitos. VIII Leg. Velenovsky (PRC?).
T y p u s. A. multifida (DC.) Boiss. [Turkey, Bursa] "Olympus Bithynus (Uludag.) Aucher 1837: 33296 (holo. G)" (Huber-Morath 1975).
From: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013)
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Achillea multifida (DC.) Boiss. is an accepted name
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Achillea (family Compositae).
The record derives from TICA which reports it as an accepted name (record 27806F1F-1E30-4282-8468-4690E1122A9A) with original publication details: Fl. Orient. 3: 277 (1875) 277 1875.
No synonyms are recorded for this name.
Achillea multifida (DC.) Boiss. — The Plant List
www.theplantlist.org › tpl › record › gcc-38045
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Flowering Time: Flowering: VII - IX, fruitful: IX - X.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in alpine meadows, stony and scree places and bushes, in the mountains, in communities of dwarf pine, Siberian juniper, spruce, black and white fir. Sredna Stara Planina, Western Border Mountains (Osogovska Mountain), Vitosha (Cherni Vrah, Reznyovete), Pirin, Rila, Western Rhodopes (Syutka Peak, Balabanitsa, Sungurli Chal), between (1750) 1900 and 2600 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Growing in alpine meadows, stony and scree places and bushes, in the mountains, in communities of dwarf pine, Siberian juniper, spruce, black and white fir. Sredna Stara Planina, Western Border Mountains (Osogovska Mountain), Vitosha (Cherni Vrah, Reznyovete), Pirin, Rila, Western Rhodopes (Syutka Peak, Balabanitsa, Sungurli Chal), between (1750) 1900 and 2600 m above sea level.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: From: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013),
www.theplantlist.org › tpl › record › gcc-38045
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