BGFlora.eu

Anemone ranunculoides L.

1055(2). A, ranunculoides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 541; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1924) 318; Tutin, Fl. Eur. 1 (1964) 218; A. ranunculoides var. Šipkaensis Vel., Sitz. Bohem. Ges. Wiss. XXXVII (1893) 3; Exs.Pl. Bulg. Exsicc.: No 246 — Лютиковидна съсънка

Fam:   Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus:   Anemone L.
Species: Anemone ranunculoides L.
English Name: Yellow anemone, Yellow wood anemone or Buttercup anemone

Description:

Perennial plant. The rhizome is long, cylindrical, horizontally, brown, covered with lustful leaves. Flowering stems 7 - 30 cm high, erect, bare or scattered fibrous. The basal leaves are missing or a single, deeply triple on long stems; stem leaves 3, more or less distant from the flowers, on stems, up to the base palmate triple, the shares with short little stems, ovate, elongated ovoid or elliptic lance, basically elongated wedge-shaped, entire, upwardly large jagged up to cut, rarely two-piece; grassy, ​​green, above, mainly on the veins and on the rim, scattered fibrous, under naked. Flowers 1.5 - 3 cm in diameter, single or 2, rarely 3 - 5 (up to 12) coryniform inflorescence, yellow to orange-yellow, with stems, more or less densely covered with white hairs. Perianth leaflets 5 (rarely more), 10 - 15 mm long and 8 - 10 mm wide, viscous, broadly ovate, entire, rounded at the top, abruptly narrowed at the claw, top bare, bottom slightly thickly covered with slanted hairs. The stamens are numerous, significantly shorter than the perianth, the yellow anthers. The carpellums are numerous, short thick fibrous; the style short, tilted like a hook. The harvested fruit hanging. Nuts 4 - 6 mm long, ovate, densely fibrous.

Volatility

1   The shares of stem leaves ovate to prolonged ovine ………………...............................................................................………………………… 2
1* The shares of stem leaves narrowly elliptic, lance ........................................ f. tenuiloba Kuzm. in Addenda; A. ranunculoides var. paucidentata auct., Stoyan. Stef., Фл. Бълг. Ed., 1, I (1924) 446, Znepol region (Trun), Sredna gora (Lozenska mountain).
2   Blossoms single ........................................................................................................................................................ f. rantinculoides. Widespread.
2  Blossoms two, rarely 3 - 5 ....................................................................................................... f. biflora Peterm., Fl. Lips. (1838) 407. Widespread.

Total distribution. Europe (excluding the northwest), the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, the Caucasus.

Business significance. Poisonous, it contains protoanemonin, saponins. Decorative.

From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)

*   *   *
Anemone ranunculoides, the yellow anemone, yellow wood anemone or buttercup anemone, is a species of herbaceous perennial plant that grows in forests across most of Continental Europe, and less frequently in the Mediterranean region.[1] It's occasionally found as a garden escape.[2]

Growth

It flowers between March and May in the Northern Hemisphere.
Growing to 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) tall, the plant is herbaceous, dying back down to its root-like rhizomes by mid summer. The rhizomes spread just below the earth surface and multiply quickly, contributing to its rapid spread in woodland conditions. The flower is about 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) diameter, with from five to eight petal-like segments (actually tepals) of rich yellow colouring.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

*   *   *

Flowering Time: Blooms: III - V, Fruitfull: V - VI.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in wet shady deciduous forests and shrubs, mostly in the communities of Carpinus betulus and Fagus sylvatlca. Widespread, in the plains, foothills and mountains, up to 1500m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (excluding the northwest), the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, the Caucasus.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -    http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf

Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

E-mail: krnanev@gmail.com

© K.Nanev

Back to BEGINNING


© Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved