Aquilegia aurea Janka
1032 (2). A. aurea Janka, Öster. Bot. Zeitschr. 22. (1872) 174; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 302 — Златиста кандилка
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Aquilegia L.
Species: Aquilegia aurea Janka
English Name: x x x
Perennial plant. The rhizome long. Stem simple 10 - 100 cm high, rarely branched in the upper part, round, almost naked, to densely fibrous. The leaves are thin, above green, naked, blue-green below, feathery hair, the base leaves of long stems, triple feather-like; The stems leaves similar to them, most often the lower stem leaf with a shorter stem than that of the basal leaves; the upper ones are sitting down to one bract stem leaf. Leaflets 2 - 3 cm long and 1,5 - 2 cm wide, triple, rounded wedge-like or broadly back ovate, obtuse feather-like, or broadly dull cut. The leaf stems at the bottom are clearly expanded, upward rounded and with a recess, short, fibrous. Flowers large, semi-erect, single or some together. Flower stems with single glandular hairs. The leaflets of the perianthim in two rows of 5, sulfur yellow, outer surface strigose; the outer 2 - 3 cm long and 1 – 1,5 cm wide, oval-lance with a dull apex; the internal with funnel-like 1,3 – 1,5 cm long and 4 mm wide nectar spur and 1,5 - 2 cm long and 1 - 1.2 cm wide, dull, tapering plate, fibrous on the outside. The stamens are numerous. The staminodiums obtuse. Fruit-leaflets 5, obtuse, glandless, with short (up to 0,5 cm) bent out little nose. The stayles naked. Seeds oval, obtuse tappered, brilliant, black.
Lectotype. Pirin, over Nevrokop, Janka, 417044, 21. VIII 1871 (BP).
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
Distribution in Bulgaria: It grow on the steep cliffs, among the juniper bushes, around the upper forest border, the Vitosha region (Vitosha), Pirin, Rila, and the Western Rhodopes. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Macedonia, Yugoslavia, Albania. Balkan endemic.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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