Brassica napus L.
1349.(5). В. napus L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 666; В. campestris DC., Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. II (1821) 592, p. p., non L. — Едра рапица, panc, брюква
Fam: Cruciferae Juss. (Brassicaceae)
Genus: Brassica L.
Species: Brassica napus L.
English Name: Rapaseed, Rape, Oilseed rape, Rapa, Rappi
Annual plant. Root thin, spindly or meaty, turnip-like. Stem to 150 cm high, herbaceous, branching, leafy, itself and leaves covered with a blue stick. Lower stem leaves with handles, lyre-like and feather-like cut, with well developed top share, at a young age with very fine cloth; middle and upper leaves sitters are not separate partitions, only toothed or entire, with his heart-like base on stem cover 1/2 or 2/3, naked. Inflorescence panicle or extended cluster. Blossom stem equal to or slightly longer than the entire blossom. Sepals 6 - 8 mm long, 1.5 - 2 mm wide, elliptical. Petals almost 2 times longer than sepals, with claw equal sepals, light to dark yellow. Pods 45 - 110 mm long and 3.5 - 4 (5) mm wide, deviated from the axis of holding, upright or pendulous after despicable, flattened, with barely visible veins on the surface; the small nose about 1/5 - 1/6 of the length of the pod, flattened, prolonged conical, very rarely with 1 - 2 seeds in in its interior. Seeds 1.5 - 2.5 (3) mm in diameter, in a row for each well, spherical, blue-black, rarely dark red, shiny or light spider veins.
var. napus; B. napus var. arvensis Thell. in Hegi, IV, 1 (1913) 254; B. napus var. oleifera Del., Mem. Bot. Extr. (1813) 19 - White rape, paps. The root is not turnip-like thickened, stiff and side branches. Annual and biennial forms. Northeast Bulgaria (Targovishte), Fore (Gabrovo, Lovechko) Struma Valley (Petrich), Thracian Lowland (Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora).
var. napobrassica (L.) Reichenb. in Moessler, Handb. Gewachsk., Ill (2) (1833) 1220; B. napus var. rapifera Metzg., Syst. Beschreib. Kohlenarten (1833) 46; B. napus var. esculenta DC., Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. II (1821) 592 - rutabaga, bradokva, root turnip-like soft fleshy; lateral roots grow in two rows. Turnip-like root round, flattened or cylindrical, with white or yellow flesh; biennials. Grown.
Economic significance. Var. Oleifera DC. oleaginous plant is important for many northern countries of the northern hemisphere, but in Bulgaria is replaced entirely with sunflowers. Honey plant. May serve to feed the big livestock. Var. rapifera Metzg. limited cultivated as root-crop vegetable and fodder plant. It grows well only under irrigation.
Note. For our country given only as a cultivated plant. Its oilseed form, however, is collected as outcast since 1885.
„Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1070)
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Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi, rapaseed (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), (油菜: Mandarin Pinyin yóucài; Cantonese:yau choy) consumed in China and Southern Africa as a vegetable. The name derives from the Latin for turnip, rāpa or rāpum, and is first recorded in English at the end of the 14th century. Older writers usually distinguished the turnip and rape by the adjectives 'round' and 'long' (-'rooted'), respectively. Rutabagas, Brassica napobrassica, are sometimes considered a variety of B. napus. Some botanists also include the closely related B. campestris within B. napus.
B. napus is cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed, the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world.
Rapeseed is known by many common names in the English language. Some names have only been applied to certain subspecies (subsp.), forms (f.), or varieties (var.) of B. napus. B. napus = B. napus subsp. napus = B. napus subsp. napus f. napus.
This list is from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), which attributes the names to other sources:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1070), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Around crops and plow land, fallow land, fields and degraded areas. Northeast Bulgaria (Targovishte), Fore (Gabrovo,. Lovech), Struma valley (Petrich), Thracian Lowland (Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora Region). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Grown in Europe and Asia. As wild unknown.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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