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Campanula alpina Jacq.

3010 (1). C. alpina Jacq., Enum. Strip. Vindob. (1762) 36; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 2 (1930) 528; Fedorov, Fl. Eur. 4 (1976) 82; C. orbelica Pančić, Nova Elem. Fl. Bulg. (1886) 36; Velen., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 367 et Suppl. 1 (1898) 183; C. alpina subsp. orbelica (Pančić) Urum., Спис. Бълг. акад. наук. 28 (1923) 147; Fedorov, I.e.; C. alpina var. orbelica (Pančić) Stoj. & Stef., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, 2 (1925) 1082; Exs.: Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. №591 - Планинска камбанка

Fam:   Campanulaceae Adans
Genus:   Campanula L.
Species: Campanula alpina Jacq.
English Name: Alpine Bellflower

Description:

Perennial plants forming loose tufts. The roots are thick, spindly or cylindrical. Stems erect and ascending, simple or branched, 5 - 20 (25) cm tall, narrowly ribbed, scattered fibrous, rarely almost naked. Basal leaves back lance, 20 - 60 mm long, 2 - 7 mm wide, shallowly jagged or almost entire, gradually narrowed into a long stem, the top rounded or pointed, scattered to thick soft fibrous, hairs 0.7 - 1.3 mm long; stem leaves lying flat, narrowly lance to almost linear, 25 - 45 mm long, 1 - 2 mm wide, entire, soft to densely fibrous mainly on the lower surface. Inflorescence simply grape; blossoms multiple, several or single, top up. Flower buds upright; the ovary naked or on the veins with single hairs. The calyx with long attachments between the shares, softly fibrous; calyx shares wedge-shaped lance to linearly lance, 5 - 12 mm long, 1.5 - 2.5 (3) mm wide at the base, affectionate to the crown, fibrous beneath (the hairs 1 - 2 mm long), long grooves on the edges; appendixes, 1 - 2mm long, inverted downwards, attached to the ovary. The corolla bell-shaped, 15 - 20 mm long, violet blue. Stamens of 10 - 12 mm long, with extended to the base, with stems grooved along the edges. The box wide back conical, 4 - 5 mm long, with thin tufted walls, opens at the base with 3 (4) pores. Seeds broadly elliptical, 1.5 - 1.7 mm long, 0.9 - 1 mm wide, narrowly winged, smooth, pale brown.

Tu p u s. Campanula orbelica Pančić. Hab. ad terram nudam in excelsioribus m. Rilo (Herb, Belgrade, Univ., Nv).

From:  „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013)

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Campanula alpina is a species of perennial bellflower found in the Eastern Alps, Carpathian Mountains and the Balkans. It comprises two subspecies: subsp. alpina found in the Eastern Alps and Carpathians, and subsp. orbelica found in the Balkans.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Campanula alpina Jacq. is an accepted name

This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Campanula (family Campanulaceae).
The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 363905) with original publication details: Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 36, 210 1762.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:139881-1.

Synonyms:

See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions.
Sort the name records using the clickable table headerbuttons.


Name

Status

Confi­dence level

Source

Date supplied

Campanula alpina var. albiflora Schur

Synonym

L

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula alpina subsp. alpina

Synonym

L

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula alpina var. calyculata Schur

Synonym

L

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula alpina var. frigida Schur

Synonym

L

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula alpina var. haynaldii (Szontágh) Nyman

Synonym

L

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula alpina subsp. orbelica (Pančić) Urum.

Synonym

L

TRO

2012-04-18

Campanula ciblesii Prodán

Synonym

H

WCSP

2012-03-23

Campanula haynaldii Szontágh

Synonym

H

WCSP

2012-03-23

Marianthemum alpinum (Jacq.) Schur

Synonym

H

WCSP

2012-03-23

From “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-363905

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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, Fruitful: VIII - X.

References: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013), From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-363905

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in mountain pastures and rocky meadows to well-developed or shallow mountain-meadow soils on silicate rock basis, in communities of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, and the like. Western and Central Stara Planina, Vitosha region (Vitosha), Western border mountains (Osogovo mountain), Pirin, Rila, Western and Central Rhodopes, from (1400) 1700 to 2700 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central (Eastern Alps, Carpathians) and Southeast (Balkan Peninsula without Greece and Turkey) Europe.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -    http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf

Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf

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