Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.
1337. C. draba (L.) Desv., Journ.Bot. Appl. III (1814) 163; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc.I (1925) 466; P. W. Ball, Fl. Eur. I (1964) 333; Lepidium draba L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 645; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, 1(1924) 485 — Родилна трева
Fam: Cruciferae Juss. (Brassicaceae)
Genus: Cardaria Desv.
Species: Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.
English Name: White top, Hoary cress
Perennials. Stems erect, 20 - 50 cm tall, in the upper part of thyroid branched, greyish, covered with small simple hairs. The leaves are covered with simple hairs, the basal narrowed in a stem, large jagged to the lobster, middle and upper elongated lance, seated at the base with heart-shaped arrow-pointed, trunks covering the stem, up to 6 cm long and up to 4 cm wide. Thyroid inflorescences. The blossoms are small, smelly. The leaflets of the calyx 1,5 - 2 mm long, on the edge to ¼ of the width white tunics, naked; Petals about 3 millimeters long, up to twice as long as the leaflets of the calyx. The pods 3 – 3,5 mm long, with the small stems up to 1 cm, broadly backward heartbeat, without protruding side edges, on top pointed, naked.
Economic importance. Medical plant. The seeds are used as a spice substitute for the pepper.
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Lepidium draba (whitetop or hoary cress) is a rhizomatous perennial flowering plant in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. It is native to western Asia and southeastern Europe and widely introduced elsewhere.
Whitetop is a perennial herb that reproduces by seeds and by horizontal creeping roots. The stem is stoutish, erect or spreading, 10 to 80 cm tall, branched, covered sparsely with ash-colored soft hairs to heavily covered. The leaves are alternating, simple, and mostly toothed. The basal leaves are 4 to 10 cm, have a slight stem (petiole), and are long and flat, lance-shaped to egg-shaped, with the narrow end attached to the stalk. On the upper part of the stem the leaves are attached directly to the stalk (sessile), are 2 to 6.5 cm long, and are oblong or tapering the point, with broad bases that clasp the stalk. Whitetop has slightly domed flower clusters in which the individual flower stalks grow upward from various points off the branch to approximately the same height (corymb-like). The petals are white, clawed, and 3 to 5 mm long, about twice the length of the sepals.
It is native to western Asia and southeastern Europe and is an invasive species in North America, introduced by contaminated seeds in the early 1900s. Also known as Cardaria draba, hoary cress is a weed in much of south-east and south-west Australia as well.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. is a synonym of Lepidium draba L.
This name is a synonym of Lepidium draba L..
The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym with original publication details: J. Bot. Agric. 3: 163 1813.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:280790-1.
This name was in version 1 of The Plant List, record kew-2700656, and has not been changed.
From “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2700656
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - X.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “The Plant List”
Distribution in Bulgaria: It grows in desolate and turbulent places, along buildings, roads, railways, dumps, etc. Widespread up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, the Caucasus. In most of Europe, probably introduced.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not. Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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