Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.) Link

1652 (1). Ch hirsutus (L.) Link, Handb. II (1831) 155; Heywood et Frodin, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 91; Cytisus hirsutus L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 739; Cytisus leucotrichus Schur, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. X (1860) 179; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 622; Cytisus hirsutus subsp. Hirsutus Briq., Etud. Cyt. (1894) 170; Cytisus hirsutus subsp, leucotrichus (Schur) Aschers et Graebn., Syn. VI, 2 (1907) 317; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 898; Стоян. Стеф., op. c. изд. 3 (1948) 636 — Космат зановец

Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.) Link synonym Cytisus hirsutus

Fam:   Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus:   Chamaecytisus Link
Species: Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.) Link
English Name: Clustered Broom or Hairy Broom


ђ. Bush. Stem 20.0 - 100.0 (200.0) cm high, branched from the base, woodened, long outstretched fiber up to naked, round, dark gray bark, cracked. Branches erect or ascending stems (5.0) 10.0 - 50.0 cm long, 1.0 - 2.0 mm in diameter, spread densely long straight or curved fiber. Leaves triple; axis (5.0) 10.0 - 20.0 mm in length, long thick to spread curved fibrous or almost naked. Sheets (4.0) 6.0 - 20.0 (30.0) mm long and (2.0) 4.0 - 10.0 (18.0) mm wide, back ovoid to elliptic, at the base cuneiform narrowed, on short, to 2.0 mm long, spread fibrous stems, on top rounded to short sharp or pointed, entire, dark green on top, spread  thick fibrous, diluted fibrous spread to almost naked, underneath a light green to brown green, thick outstretched straight to short-fibrous upright, on the edge ciliates. Flowers 2 - 4 single or in the bosom of the leaves along the branches, forming with many  blossoms loose or tight, leafy, elongated racemose clusters. Flower stems 3.0 - 5.0 (7.0) mm long, spread thick fibrous. Calyx 10.0 - 12.0 (15.0) mm long and 5.0 - 6.0 mm wide, thickly spread straight or curved fiber, irregular, to 1/3 bilabial, upper lip to 1/2 two-pronged; teeth broadly triangular, shallow bottom completely unclear drills. Corolla (15.0) 20.0 - 25.0 (30.0) mm long. Flag 15.0 - 17.0 mm wide, broadly elliptical, atop clearly incised, in the bottom third more or less suddenly narrowed in a narrow long fingernail longer than the wings and the keel, bright yellow with reddish spots in the base or without any, or bare fiber in the middle. Wings extended rhombic incorrectly at the base more or less constricted in thin long nails; yellow, naked, longer than the keel. The keel elliptical rhombic at the base with thin long nails, yellow, naked short edge fiber. Beans 2.5 - 4.0 cm long and 5.0 - 8.0 mm wide, linear Lancet, the top short extended, flattened, narrowly elliptical cross section, and remove the seams more or less densely straight or curved fibrous, 4 - 8-seed. Seeds 2.3 - 3.2 mm long and 2.3 - 2.6 mm wide, lenticular ovoid, tan, smooth.


var. hirsutus. The leaves above diluted fibrous spread to almost naked. Widespread.
var. hirsutissimus (C. Koch) Kuzm .; Cytisus hirsutus var. hirsutissimus (C. Koch) Boiss., Fl. Or. II (1872) 51; Cytisus hirsutissimus C. Koch, Linnaea XIX (1847) 62. densely fibrous leaves on top. Widespread.
„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)

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Cytisus hirsutus (common name Clustered Broom or Hairy Broom) is a perennial plant belonging to the genus Cytisus of the Fabaceae family.
Cytisus hirsutus reaches on average 30–40 centimetres (12–16 in) of height, with a maximum height of about 100 centimetres (39 in). The stem is more or less ascendent, woody in the lower part, branched, with ascending annual and herbaceous branches (suffruticose) with hairs 3 millimeters long (hence the Latin name hirsutus of this species, meaning hairy). The small deciduous leaves are trifoliate, ovate to elliptic, hairy on both sides, 18–25 millimetres (0.71–0.98 in) long, with a petiole. The flowers are initially orange-yellow, then tend to be colored with reddish-brown. The flowering period extends from April through June. Its legumes (seed pods) are 25–40 millimetres (0.98–1.57 in) long, very hairy and mature in late Summer.

This plant occurs in Turkey, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Switzerland, Albania, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania and France.
These plants can be found on calcareous and arid environments, such as dry meadows and slopes at the edge of the woods. The are typically found at an altitude of 0–1,500 metres (0–4,921 ft).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976), "Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grows in the forests and bushes in the plains and mountains in shrub undergrowth of oak, hornbeam and pine, a rare and spruce forests. Spread from sea level up to about 2000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central and Eastern Europe, Southwest Asia, the Caucasus, Siberia.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: yes, it is. -

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