Chelidonium majus L.

Fam:  Papavraceae Juss.
Genus:  Chelidonium L.
Species: Chelidonium majus L.
English Name: Greater celandine

Chelidonium majus (greater celandine; in Europe tetterwort, although in America tetterwort refers to Sanguinaria canadensis) is a herbaceous perennial plant, the only species in the genus Chelidonium. It is native to Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.
While the greater celandine belongs to the poppy family, the lesser celandine belongs to the buttercup family.
Greater celandine has an erect habit, and reaches 30 to 120 cm high. The leaves are lobed and wavy-edged (crenate), 30 cm long. When injured, the plant exudes a yellow to orange latex.
The flowers consist of four yellow petals, each about 1 cm long, with two sepals. A double-flowered variety occurs naturally. The flowers appear from late spring to summer in umbelliform cymes of about 4 flowers.
The seeds are small and black, borne in a long capsule. Each has an elaiosome, which attracts ants to disperse the seeds (myrmecochory).
It is considered an aggressive invasive plant in natural areas (both woods and fields). Control is obtained mainly via pulling or spraying the plant before seed dispersal.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: IV—VII, fruitful V—IX.

References:From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)

Distribution in Bulgaria: From rocky and damp shady places around shrubs and sparse forests, often as ruderal near forests. Common, except the Black Sea coast, Struma valley, Tundzha lowland, up to about 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) conspectus&gs_l= Zlc

Distribution: Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law:Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is -

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Chelidonium majus 1. Chelidonium majus 2. Chelidonium majus 3.

Chelidonium majus 4. Chelidonium majus 5. Chelidonium majus 6.


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