Clematis vitalba L.
1067 (2). C. vitalba L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753)544; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins Bale. 1(1924)321 — Обикновен повет, скребър
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Clematis L.
Species: Clematis vitalba L.
English Name: Old man's beard and Traveller's joy
ђ. Stems up to 30 m long, creeping or winding, branched, with strongly protruding longitudinal ribs, in the knots a little many dull, with aging, it stagger. Leaf stems long, often wrap around supports. The leaves are simple feathery, with 3 - 9 leaflets, almost bare, slightly brilliant, light green, with no arched protruding veins, with rare hairs, mostly on the veins. Leaflets with 0.5 - 2 cm long stems, ovoid heartbeat, pointed, entire, large finely toothed or deeply rounded jagged. The flowers with long stems, slightly aromatic, collected in highly branched, with many blossoms crowned or coniferous branches, the branches in their base with small with small tongue-similar bracts. Perianth leaflets 4 (rarely 5), 6 - 10 mm long, oblong, obtuse, white or greenish-white, on both sides densely white fibrous. Stamidions are missing. The stamens naked, a little shorter than the perianth leaflets. The stamen stems narrow, longer than the anthers. Carpellums fibrous. Nuts about 4 mm long, elongated, slightly flattened, narrowly swollen at the end, reddish-brown, fibrous. Style 2 - 3 cm long, slightly curved, with fetus preserving, feathery fibrous. The blossom bed fiber.
var. vitalba; C. vitalba var. banatica Wrzb. The leaflets are entire or large jugged. Widespread.
var. crenata (Jord.) Rouy et Fouc., Fl. France I (1893) 5; C. crenata Jordan, app. Billot, Annot. Fl. Franc, et al., (1855) 12; C. vitalba var. dentata Greč., Consp. Fl. Roman. (1898) 22. The leafletes are large rounded jagged. Widespread.
Business significance. Young branches are used in basketry and other knitwear in agriculture.From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
* * *
Clematis vitalba (also known as old man's beard and traveller's joy) is a shrub of the Ranunculaceae family.
Clematis vitalba is a climbing shrub with branched, grooved stems, deciduous leaves, and scented greeny-white flowers with fluffy underlying sepals. The many fruits formed in each inflorescence have long silky appendages which, seen together, give the characteristic appearance of old man's beard. The grooves along the stems of C. vitalba can easily be felt when handling the plant.
This species is eaten by the larvae of a wide range of moths. This includes many species which are reliant on it as their sole foodplant; including small emerald, small waved umber and Haworth's pug.
C. vitalba has a preference for base rich alkaline soils and moist climate with warm summers.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
* * *
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII ..
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in the bushes and forests. Spread, up to 2000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe, Southwestern Asia, Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Back to BEGINNING
© Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved