Coronilla scorpioides (L.) Koch
1733 (5). C. scorpioides (L.) Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. (1835) 188; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 920; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 183; Ornithopus scorpioides L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 744; Arthrolobium scorpioides DC., Prodr. П (1825) 311; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 147; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exicc. № 261 — Скорпионова зайчина
Fam: Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus: Coronilla L.
Species: Coronilla scorpioides (L.) Koch
English Name: Annual scorpion vetch, Yellow crownvetch
Annual plants. Stems erect or ascending (8.0) 15.0 – 25,0) (30.0) cm tall, branched, ribbed, with a bluish bloom, naked. Stipule 3.0 - 4.0 mm long, lantcet, tunicates, half their fused. The upper leaves triple in lower developed only tip leaflet, thus in this case simple; tip leaflet (1.0) 2.0 - 3.0 (3.5) cm long and (0.8) 1.0 - 1.5 (2.0) cm wide, ovoid, reverse ovate to elliptic, bluish , naked, in the bottom half with a few obscure veins; lateral leaflets much smaller peak, round, often lacking. Inflorescence stems longer than bract leaves. Inflorescences heads loose. Bracts up to 0.5 mm long, 2 - 3 times shorter than the blossom stem, tunicates, triangular. The blossom stems (1.0) 2.0 (3.0) mm long, shorter than the tube of the calyx, naked. Blossoms 2 - 5. Calyx twice shorter than corolla, conical, with poorly developed, triangular lantcet often barely noticeable teeth goals. Corolla (4.0) 5.0 - 6.0 (7.0) mm long, yellow to lime green. Flag 4.5 - 5.0 mm long, with reverse ovoid leaf blade, equal to wings and keel, entire. Wings longer than the keel, closely reverse ovate, nail 1/2 - 1/3 of leaf blade. The top of the keel short-pointed, nail 1/2 of the length of his extended part. Beans 30.0 - 40.0 (50.0) mm long, curved, without beak, more or less composed of separate parts, in cross-section broadly elliptical, the separate parts 7 - 10. Seeds 4.0 - 4.5 mm long , an elongated rectangular in cross-section elliptical, dark brown.
¹ developed by St. Kozhuharov.
„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - V, fruitful V - VI.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)
Distribution in Bulgaria: In dry grassy stony places in the lowlands, mostly calcareous soils, in fallow lands and end crops, often as stormy. Black Sea Coast, northeastern Bulgaria (southwestern half), Fore, Western Balkan mountaun (Lakatnik) Znepole region (Golo Bardo, Konyavska Mountain), Struma valley, Slavyanka, Pirin (South), West (New neighborhood), Central and Eastern Rhodopes, Thracian lowland, Tundzha hilly plain up to 300 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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