Cotoneaster niger (Thunb.) Fries.
1614 (3). C. niger (Thunb.) Fries, Summa Veg. Scand. 1 (1846) 175; C. melanocarpa Lodd. ex Schneider, Bot. Cab. XV (1828) tab. 1531; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 752; Mespilus cotoneaster L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 479 (ex parte) — Черноплоден котонеастер
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Cotoneaster Medic.
Species: Cotoneaster niger (Thunb.) Fries.
English Name: Black-berried cotoneaster
Wood. A small, branched, erect shrub, reaching 1.5 (2) m in height. Young twigs more densely or less fibrous, the old - smooth, shiny, gray-brown. Leaves deciduous in autumn, broadly ovate, broadly elliptical, ovate-oblong, sometimes slightly narrowed at the apex, up to 5 cm long and up to 3 cm wide, on rather long petioles, dark green above, with sparse cilia, white felted below. Clustered and thyroid broom-like inflorescences on short twigs, curved, with fibrous petioles with (2) 5 – 12 blossoms. Blossoms of variously long, almost bare petioles; calyx (hypanthia) completely naked or slightly ciliated; sepals glabrous or slightly ciliated at the edge and apex, adjacent to the ripe fruit; petals rounded, at the base with a short nail, initially white, then light pink; stamens 20, with linear reddish petioles; stigmas most often 3, rarely 2 or 4. Fruit back ovoid or spherical, 7 - 9 mm long, initially reddish brown, mature black, with a powdery coating on the surface; pits 2 - 3.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том V, Издателство на БАН, София, (1973)
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cotoneaster niger (Thunb.) Fr. is an accepted name
From: Cotoneaster niger (Thunb.) Fr. — The Plant List
www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › rjp-9464
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VI, fruitful: IX. Distribution in Bulgaria: According to the scarce and incomplete data reflected on the labels of the small amount of material collected in Bulgaria, this species grows in open rocky and stony places, mainly on calcareous terrain; in the data for its total Euro-Siberian range the conditions of its habitat are quite diverse, even in beech forests; in this regard, more material needs to be collected; the Bulgarian materials are from: Devnya (Varna region), Kaspichan (Shumen region), around Pleven, Gorna Verenitsa (Mihaylovgrad region), Sliven region, Dragoman (Sofia region), Trun (Pernik region). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe (Scandinavian Peninsula, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, the European part of the USSR), Caucasus, Central Asia, Northern Mongolia, Manchuria, China, Japan.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том V, Издателство на БАН, София, (1973), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › rjp-9464
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