BGFlora.eu

Crocus aureus Sibth. et Sm.

612 (8). C. aureus Sibth. et Sm. Prodr. FL Graec. Vol.I (1806) 25; C. moesiacas Кег-Gawi. Bot. Mag. (1803) ad t. 652; Hayek Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. Ill (1933) 108 —Златист минзухар, какичка

Crocus aureus Sibth. & Sm. is a synonym of Crocus flavus Weston

This name is a synonym of Crocus flavus Weston.
From  www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-16602465  “The Plant List”

Fam:   Iridaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Crocus L.
Species: Crocus aureus Sibth. et Sm.
English Name: Yellow crocus or Dutch yellow crocus

Description:

A perennial plant. Tuber-bulb wider than tall, with pericarp decay at the core of parallel fibers. Overhead part  together with the blossoms 15 - 20 cm, almost completely surrounded by the shell of tuber-bulb. Leaves 3 - 9, naked or short and bristly rare cilia, narrow keel (1/5 lamina), developed together with the blossoms. Spatha consists of two leaves, longer than the leaf sheaths and covers almost entirely blossom tube. Blossoms 1 - 5, orange-yellow. Perianth at the opening of the tube-free cloth shares oblong lance, 3 - 4 cm long. Stamens with yellow anthers, two times longer than stamens. Ledges yellow, rarely orange, to the middle of anthers cut in 3 small parts. Seed oblong, with membranous wings and ciliary seam hairy wine red and retainer and seam lighter.
From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)

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Crocus flavus, known as yellow crocus[3] or Dutch yellow crocus, is a species of flowering plant of the Crocus genus in the Iridaceae family. It grows wild on the slopes of Greece, former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania and northwestern Turkey,[1] with fragrant bright orange-yellow flowers which Tennyson likened to a fire. It is a small crocus (5–6 cm (2–2 in), despite the names of some cultivars, compared to the Giant Dutch crocuses (C. vernus). Its cultivars are used as ornamental plants.
The Latin specific epithet flavus means "pure yellow".[4]
C. flavus naturalises well in the garden, and its cultivars are used as ornamental plants. The subspecies C. flavus subsp. flavus has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: II - IV.

References: From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in the  the bushes, glades and light forests in Bulgaria. It grows over 1000 meters altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central Europe, Balkan Peninsula, Crimea, Asia Minor.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -    http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf

Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf

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