Cucubalus baccifer L.

Cucubalus baccifer L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1953) 414; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 254  — Гушевица

synonym: Silene baccifer (L.) Roth

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:   Cucubalus L.
Species: Cucubalus baccifer L.
English Name: Berry-Bearing Catchfly,


Perennial, developing underground rhizome branched round. The stem 60 - 150 (200) cm long, herbaceous, thin, ridged, semi-upright, crawling (on other plants), highly branched from the base, all covered with short hairs. Leaves opposite, entire, ovate or ovate lanceolate, 1.5 - 9 cm long and 0.5 - 3 cm wide, on short petiole. Leaf lamina on both sides covered with short hairs. Hermaphrodite flowers, gathered in loose outerwear dihazii. Bracts leaf. Sepals 5, green, semi fused in significantly stretched calyx, 8 - 15 mm in length, 4 - 6 mm wide at the top with a sharp tooth. Petals 5 greenish white, the top deep, closely cut and divided into two, at the base gradually narrowed into a claw. 10 stamens, with oval yellow anthers, filament almost equal in length to the petals, exacerbated the top, to the base gradually expanded slightly. Pistils of three fruits leaves, spherical top, almost three-well ovary and 3 bars. Fruit seated, globular, strawberry similar, but not very juicy, 6 - 8 mm diameter, black at maturity. Karpoforo 2 - 3 mm long. Numerous small seeds, kidney or round, at maturity glossy black, 1.5 mm long.

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Distribution in Bulgaria: In wet places, rivers, forests, bushes, fences, in all appropriate floristic areas in Bulgaria, up to about 1300 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central, South and Southeast Europe, Southwest and Central Asia, Siberia, Indo-Himalayan and Japanese-Chinese region.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not -


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Cucubalus baccifer 1. Cucubalus baccifer 2. Cucubalus baccifer 3. Cucubalus baccifer 4.

Cucubalus baccifer 5. Cucubalus baccifer 6. Cucubalus baccifer 7.

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