Cyclamen hederifolium Ait.
Cyclamen hederifoliutn Ait., Hort. Kew. I (1789) 196; Meikle and Sinn., Fl. Eur. Ill (1972) 25; C. neapolitanum Ten., Fl. Nap. Ill (1829) 197; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 870; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. II (1928) 31 - Есенно ботурче
Fam: Primulaceae Vent.
Genus: Cyclamen L.
Species: Cyclamen hederifolium Ait.
English Name: Ivy-leaved cyclamen
Perennial plants. Rhizome tuber-shaped, 2 - 15 cm in diameter, naked, roots threadlike, prominent emerging from the middle of the tuber. Stem 10 - 17 cm tall, 0.8 -1.2 mm diameter, just short fiber. Leaves 2.5 - 9.0 cm long, 3 - 10 cm wide, with 10 - 20 cm long by 1 - 2 mm diameter, just short fibrous stalk at the base ear-shaped, 5 - 7 to bend vaguely polygonal in retail edge serrated top naked or rarely just fibrous, white concentric loop or spot below, green, appearing after flowering. Calyx 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, 1.5 - 2.0 mm wide, just short fiber. Corolla 15 - 25 mm diameter tube 2.5 - 3.0 mm long, 3 - 4 mm wide, gum title 8 - 22 mm long, 6 - 12 mm wide, heart-shaped back to widely elliptical at the base of ears on the edge short fiber, light pink with a dark spot in the center of the tube. The stems of the stamens narrowed at the base, naked, anthers at the base incised. Box 6 - 10 mm long, 6 - 11 mm wide, rounded , short fiber just opening, 5 - 7 triangular teeth . Seeds 2.5 to 6.0 mm long, 2.4 - 4.0 mm in clear width boat-shaped to dish-shaped, on the surface unclear verrucose.
Flowering Time: Blooms : VIII-IX, fruitful IX-X.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)
Distribution in Bulgaria:
Grows in the bushes and oak forests in the plains and lower parts of the mountains, from sea level up to about 600 m altitude. Black sea coast, northeastern Bulgaria, Struma valley Slavyanka, Mesta river valley, Pirin, „Средна гора”, Central and Eastern Rhodopes mountains. Indicate for Rila (VeL, 1898 ), Western Rhodopes ( Dav., 1903 ), Belasitza ( Stoyan., 1938). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
1. 2. 3.
Cyclamen hederifolium 1. Cyclamen hederifolium 2. Cyclamen hederifolium 3.
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