Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) Soó

ex: O. maculatus L. (Многогодишно растение) —В планинските храсталаци, гори и поляни (1—2—). V—VIII.
У нас само var. macrostachyus (Ten.) Asch. et Gr., (O. m. Ten.; O. saccifera Brogn.).
„Флора на България”, част I, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966)

ex: O. maculata L. Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 942; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Batc. Ill (1933) 397 —Петнист салеп
"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

Fam:  Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski, (1937)
Species: Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) Soó
English Name: Wedge-Lipped Orchid, Sack-carrying Dactylorhiza


Sackförmiges Knabenkraut

Beschreibung: Pflanze kräftig, 35 - 70 cm hoch. Stengel voll, dick, oberwärts stark rinnig. Laubblätter 8 - 12, im oberen Teil des Stengels gedrängt und in die Tragblätter übergehend, seitlich abstehend bis schräg aufwärts gerichtet, teilweise überhängend, den Stengel kurzscheidig umfassend, rinnig gefaltet, verwaschen bis deutlich gefleckt. Das unterste Blatt eiförmig, kurz, die folgenden bedeutend länger, breit- lanzettlich mit der großten Breite nahe der Basis, spitz zulaufend, die oberen lanzettlich. Blütenstand locker bis dichtblütig, anfangs pyramidenförmig, später breit-zylindrisch. Blüten mittelgroß, weißlich, hell-lila bis violett. Tragblätter der unteren Blüten weit überragend, oben etwa so lang wie die Blüten. Sepalen eiförmig- lanzejttlich, die seitlichen gefleckt, abstehend, das mittlere aufgerichtet. Petalen kürzer, zusammenneigend. Lippe tief dreilappig, flach, 8 - 10 mm lang, 10 - 15 mm breit, kürzer als der Sporn, alle Lappen ziemlich schmal, der Mittellappen zugespitzt und vorgezogen, Malzeichnung unregelmaßige Striche, über die Lippe verteilt. Sporn sackartig-zylmdrisch, ziemlich lang (11 - 13 mm) und dick (3 - 4 mm), schräg abwärts gerichtet.
Blütezeit: Von Mitte Mai bis Ende Juli.
Höhenverbreitung: Von 400 m bis etwa 2000 m.
Standort: Im Buchen-, Tannen- und Kastanienwald an nassen Stellen, an Quellen, Bachlaufen und in feuchten Schluchten, nur selten in offenen Lagen.
Bastarde: Nachgewiesen mit D. cordigera und iberica.
Bildnachweis: 30. 6. 1977, Ioannina (Nordgriechenland), H. Baumann.
From: "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

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Description: Plant strong, 35 - 70 cm high. Stengel full, thick, furrowed at the top. Leaves 8 - 12, crowded in the upper part of the stem and continue into the bracts, laterally projecting until directed obliquely upwards, partially overhanging the stem, divided cover short stem, folded furrowed with grooves, overgrown with distinct spots. The lowermost leaf ovate, briefly, the following much longer, broad-lanceolate with of the largest width near the base, tapering to a point, the upper lanceolate. Inflorescence loose up with multiple blossoms, initially pyramidal, later wide-cylindrical. Blossoms of medium size, whitish, light purple to purple. Bracts of lower blossoms far superior, above about as long as the blossms. Sepals ovate Lancet, the lateral with spots, protruding, the average erected. Petals shorter, together facing each other. Lip deeply trilobed, flat, 8 - 10 mm long, 10 - 15 mm wide, shorter than the spur, all lobes quite narrow, the middle lobe pointed and beaked. Drawing irregular strokes, distributed over the lip. Sporn baggy-zylmdrical, quite long (11 - 13 mm) and thick (3 - 4 mm), slanting downward.
Flowering time: From mid-May to late July.
Height Spread: From 400 m to about 2000 m.
Habitat: beech, pine and chestnut forests to wet places, on wet sites, resources, flows and moist gorges, only rarely in open places.
Bastards: Proved with D. cordigera and iberica.
Origin pictures: 30. 6. 1977, Ioannina (Northern Greece), H. Baumann.
From: "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

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Perennials. Tubers deeply 3 - 4-lobed. Stem up to 60 cm high dense. Leaves 5 - 9, usually with dark spots. Lower lanky oval back, dumb. The third leaf below usually most widely Lancet, other lanceolate or linear lanceolate, sharp, spaced apart, the top sheet distinctly apart from the inflorescence. Inflorescence initially conical, oval or subsequently oval or discontinuous. Bracts shorter or longer than the ovary. The blossoms pink, rarely white or purple. Foreign perianth leaflets Lancet, inner liner. The two outer outstretched, others gathered in the helmet. Lip with purple spots, wedge-based tripartite front. Its shares rhombic side, cut and serrated average share triangular and usually longer. Spur cylindrical or baggy.


In Bulgaria only ssp. macrostachys (Ten.) Rolil. Sitzber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. I (1911) 117; 0. macrostachys Teen. PI. Rar. Sic. I (1817) 7; O. saccifera Brogn. in Bory et Chaub. Fl. Pelop. (1838) 60 Spur short cylindrical, almost in the form of a bag.
From: "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

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Dactylorhiza saccifera - Петнист салеп

O. maculatus L. (perennial) —In the mountain bushes, forests and meadows (1—2—). V—VIII.
У нас само var. macrostachyus (Ten.) Asch. et Gr., (O. m. Ten.; O. saccifera Brogn.).
From: „Флора на България”, част I, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966)

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The blossoms are purple, white or pink and white. The leaves are ovate back and above to become the top line Lancet, not reach the inflorescence. The leaves have dark spots. These plants are 15 - 60 cm high.

Grow in forests, bushes and meadows near streams altitude 0 - 2200 meters.

Flowering period: It blooms from May to July.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Stara Planina, Vitosha, Slavyanka, Pirin, Rila and Rhodopes, Strandzha Mountains.

Total distribution: Europe, Asia - Syria, Asian Turkey; Euro - Siberian area.
From: "Orchids of Strandja" S. Ouzounova, B. Bergmann, K. Nyagolov S. Uzunov, Burgas, (2004)

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Dactylorhiza (as named by Necker ex Nevski, 1937), commonly called marsh orchid or spotted orchid,[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). Dactylorhiza were previously classified under Orchis which has two round tubers.[3]
They are hardy tuberous geophytes. In a thickened underground stem, they can store a large amount of water to survive arid conditions. The tuber is flattened and finger-like. The long leaves are lanceolate and, in most species, also speckled. They grow along a rather long stem which reaches a height of 70–90 cm (28–35 in). Leaves higher on the stem are shorter than leaves lower on the stem. The inflorescence, compared to the length of the plant, is rather short. It consists of a compact raceme with 25-50 flowers. These develop from axillary buds. The dominant colors are white and all shades of pink to red, sprinkled with darker speckles.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.

References: "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982), "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964), "Orchids of Strandja" S. Ouzounova, B. Bergmann, K. Nyagolov S. Uzunov, Burgas, „Флора на България”, част I, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966), (2004), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Distributed mainly in the mountains (in Rila to 2200 m. In.) In deciduous and coniferous forests, glades, along mountain streams in the bushes and wet meadows. In most of Bulgarian mountains, but mostly and the western half of the country. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Almost throughout Europe, Asia Minor, Yakutia Siberia to North Africa.
"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

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