Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó

649 (19). О. maculata L. Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 942; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Реnins. Balc. Ill (1933) 397 —Петнист салеп
ex О. maculata L.
Fam: Orchidaceae   Lindl. 
Genus:  Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski, (1937)
Species: Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soò

English Name: Heath Spotted Orchid


Photos by Pryce Buckle


Perennials. Tubers deeply divided into 3 - 4 parts. Stem to 60 cm high solid. Leaves 5 - 9, usually with dark spots. Lanky oval lower back, dumb. The third leaf below usually most, widely Lancet, other Lancet or linear lanceolate, sharp, spaced apart, the top sheet clear away from the inflorescence. Inflorescence initially conical, oval or subsequently lanky. Bracts shorter or longer than the ovary. The blossoms pink, rarely white or purple. Foreign perianth leaflets Lantsetni, inner liner. The two outer outstretched, others gathered in the helmet. Lip with purple spots, wedge-based tripartite front. Its side rhombic shares, split and jagged, triangular average and usually longer. Spur cylindrical or baggy.


In Bulgaria only ssp. macrostachys (Ten.) Röhl. Sitzber. Böhm. Ges. tyiss. I (1911) 117; O. macrostaehys Teen. PI. Rar. Sic. 1 (1817) 7; O. saccifera Brogn. in Bory et Chaub. Fl. Pelop. (1838) 60 - Spur short cylindrical, almost in the form of a bag.
Source: "Flora of Peoples Republic of Bulgaria", Volume 2, BAS (1964)
From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964) 

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Dactylorhiza maculata reaches on average 15–45 centimetres (5.9–18 in) of height, with a maximum of 70 centimetres (28 in). These plants are bulbous geophytes, forming their buds in underground tubers or bulbs, organs that annually produce new stems, leaves and flowers. Furthermore these orchids are "terrestrial", because unlike "epiphyte" species they do not live at the expense of other large plants.
This orchid has an erect, glabrous and cylindrical stem, with a streaked surface. The leaves are oblong or oval-lanceolate, with dark ellipsoid-shaped "spots" on the surface (hence the species name). The leaves are amplexicaul and can be either radical (basal) or cauline.
The underground part of the stem has two webbed tubers each one more or less deeply divided into several lobes or tubercles (characteristic of the genus Dactylorhiza), the first one plays the important functions of supplying the stem, while the second one collects nutrient materials for the development of the plant that will form in the coming year.
The inflorescence is 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long and it is composed of flowers gathered in dense spikes. The flowers are placed in the axils of bracts membranous and lanceolate-shaped. Their colors vary from light pink to purple or white with darker streaks mainly on the labellum (sometimes at the margins of tepals). The flowers reaches on average 10–15 centimetres (3.9–5.9 in). The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects, especially bumblebees. However the seeds germination is conditioned by the presence of specific fungi.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,

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Flowering Time: May - August

Reference: „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,

Distribution in Bulgaria: This species presents mainly in the Bulgarian mountains (in Rila mountain until 2200 m altitude), however before in western part of the country. It developes as well in broad-leaved forests as coniferous, around mountain streams, glades, damp meadows and bushes.Конспект на висшата флора на България)= conspectus&gs_l= Zlc

Distribution: This species is commonly found throughout the European mountains (it is missing only on the Balkans ?? see “Die Wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas” ). It is also present in northern Asia. 

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Photo(s) taken on: August, the 24th 2007, "Чудните мостове" (Chudnite Mostove)

Medical plant:  it is not medical plant - 

Placed by kind permission of the proprietor

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