Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) Soó

ex: O. maculatus L. (Многогодишно растение) —В планинските храсталаци, гори и поляни (1—2—). V—VIII.
У нас само var. macrostachyus (Ten.) Asch. et Gr., (O. m. Ten.; O. saccifera Brogn.).
„Флора на България”, част I, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966)

ex: O. maculata L. Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 942; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Batc. Ill (1933) 397 —Петнист салеп
"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

Fam:   Orchidaceae   Lindl.
Genus:   Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) Soó
Species: Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn. ) Soó 

English Name: Sack-spurred Dactylorhiza

1. 2.

Photos: Pryce Buckle 


A small to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with slender, grooved at the tip stems carrying 4 to 12, erect to spreading, spotted above, obovate to elliptic leaves that blooms in the late spring to mid summer on an erect, terminal, 6 to 22 cm long, racemose, dense to near lax, 15 to 80 flowered inflorescence with bracts that are much longer than the flowers.
This orchid is a common site on the roadsides in the Pirin Mountains National Park in Bulgaria. It is tall, up to 90 cm, and fairly robust with a flower-spike that is rather lax in appearance. At first conical, the flower spike becomes much more cylindrical as the flowers open fully. The leaves are sometimes spotted, as can be seen in the specimen above. The flowers vary between dark and much paler pink, and the lower lip of the flower has a very elongated central lobe. Both the sepals and the petals are spotted or have 'loop' markings of a very dark pink or almost red.
Dactylorhiza saccifera blooms either in full sun or partially shaded grassy places. It can be found in the edges of woodland, in woodland clearings, and very commonly, on the roadsides.

"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

Flowering Time: This orchid flowers from May until well into July.  

References: “Die Wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas”, H. Bauman, S Künkele, "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964), Frankh, 1982 – Kosmos Naturführer, “Orchids of Strandja”, S. Uzunova, B. Bergman, K. Njagolov, S. Uzunov, Burgas, 2004

Distribution in Bulgaria: Stara planina (Balkan), Vitosha mountain, Slavyanka  mountain, Pirin and Rila mountains, Rhodope mountain, Strandja mountain. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Dactylorhiza saccifera is widwspread but not always common. It occurs in the Balkans – Bulgaria, and Algeria, Turkey, Greece and generally throughout the central and eastern Mediterranean region.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant - it is not -

Photo(s) taken on: 2003 - 21 - 06, Bansko

Placed by kind permission of the proprietor

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