Dianthus armeria L.

Dianthus armeria L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 410; Hayek, Prodr.Fl. Penins. Balc. 1(1924) 224; Стоян. Ахт., Сборн. БАН XXIX (1935) 27 — Армериовиден карамфил

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:   Dianthus L.
Species: Dianthus armeria L.
English Name: Deptford Pink or Grass Pink


 Annual- to biennial plant, strongly or weakly branched, up to 40 cm, usually fibrous, less glandular at the base fiber or naked. Basal leaves oblong, obtuse; stem - linear, tapered tip; all flat and thin. Blossoms collected in bundles with in flower petals, similar to the leaves and almost as long as the blossoms. A pan with flakes lanceolate, green styliform awn, approximately as long as the calyx, back inner oval shovel-like or ovoid,  with a rather wide leathery edge,  pretty bouts passing in acute tip, equal to the length of the calyx, little shorter than it, or 1/3 of its length. Calyx 15 - 20 mm in length, 2 - 3 mm wide, narrowed above the middle of their, fiber, rarely naked. Petals about 5 mm long, oval back, at the base wedge narrow, jagged, with coarse hairs on the upper surface, reddish or dichromatic - upper surface dark purple, usually yellowish underside. Fruit box shorter than the calyx.

f. armeriastrum (Wolfn.) Stoj. et Acht., op. c. 29; D. armeriastrum Wolfn., Ősterr. Bot. Zeitschr. VIII (1858) 318; Hayek, op. c. 225; D. armeria subsp. armeriastrum (Wolfn.) Vel., Fl. Bulg. Suppl. I (1898) 42; D. armeriastrum var. troianensis Urum., Ősterr. Bot. Zeitschr. XLIX (1899) 54; Hayek, 1. c. Interior flakes in calyx equal in length or slightly shorter than the calyx. Petals relatively broad, oval back, at the base wedge narrowed quite deeply serrated dichromatic, upper surface dark purple, usually yellowish underside. Stem in the upper part usually branched. Widespread.
f. pseudocorymbosus (Vel.) Sto). et Acht., op. c. 31; Hayek, 1. c., Pro var .; D. pseudocorymbosus Vel., Sitzb. Böhem. Gesell; Wiss. VIII (1910) 6; D. corymbosus auct. pl. Fl. Penins. Balc., Non Sibth. et Sm. Interior flakes in calyx shorter, reaching the third or half the length of the calyx. Znepole, western border mountains, Struma valley, Western Rhodopes.
f. glaber (Vandas) Hayek, 1. c .; Stoj. et Acht., op. c. 31; D. corymbosus auct. var. glaber Vandas, Ősterr. Bot. Zeitschr. XXXVIII (1878) 333; D. armeriastrum var. glaberrimus Urum., Ősterr. Bot. Zeitschr. L (1900) 15; D.armeriastrum f. glaber (Vandas) Hayek, 1. c. Interior flakes in calyx equal in length or slightly shorter than the calyx. Stem naked and slightly branched. Fore, Central Stara Planina.

Economic significance. Beautiful plant for flower beds and bouquets. Grown in gardens in Central Europe. Feed of all  animals.

From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink or Grass Pink[1]) is a species of Dianthus ("pink") native to most of Europe, from Portugal north to southern Scotland and southern Finland, and east to Ukraine and the Caucasus.[2][3][4] It is also found in North America.[1]
It is a herbaceous annual or biennial plant growing to 60 cm tall. The leaves are hairy, dark green, slender, up to 5 cm long. The flowers are 8–15 mm diameter, with five petals, bright reddish-pink; they are produced in small clusters at the top of the stems from early to late summer.[4][5]
It will grow in the worst, leached out soils (up to 12" tall), although it will grow taller in good soil with adequate water. D. Armeria is not native to the USA, but it does well in the wild without being dominant, in the temperate areas. The blooms close up at in the afternoon.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - IX.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Distribution in Bulgaria: Among bushes, at head- lands, through meadows, and pastures. Common in most of the appropriate floristic regions of Bulgaria, to about 500 meters altitude. (Sometimes in the mountains up to 1800 m altitude.). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (except northern), Caucasus.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not medical plant -


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Dianthus armeria 1. Dianthus armeria 2. Dianthus armeria 3. Dianthus armeria 4. Dianthus armeria 5.

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