Dianthus moesiacus Vis. et Panč.

Dianthus moesiacus Vis. et Panč. Mem. 1st. Veneto XV (1870) 17 Vel., FL Bulg. (1891) 83 et Suppl. I (1898) 44; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1924) 233; Стоян. Ахт., Сборн. БАН XXIX (1935) 51; D. burgasensis Tutin, Rep. Spec. Nov. LXVIII (1963) 192— Мизийски карамфил

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:   Dianthus L.
Species: Dianthus moesiacus Vis. et Panč.
English Name: - - -


Perennial. Tussock-like plant, up to 60 cm. Leaves almost bristle-like, basal (0.1) 0,2 - 0.5 (1.2) mm wide, stem leaves 0.2 - 1 mm wide. Leaf leaves several times longer than the stem diameter. Many  blossoms, collected in relatively narrow, compact heads. Bracts lanky oval back, front blunt with styliform little awn, leathery. Scales in the calyx like bracts, usually on the edge not wrinkled, small, short small awn, approximately equal in length to the scales, extending to the middle of the calyx. Calyx (7) 10 - long, 1.5 - 2 mm wide, expanded in the middle part. Calyx teeth lanky lanceolate, triangular lanceolate or triangular. Lamina of petals linear shovel-like narrowly lanceolate, elliptical or oval back, 3 - 5 mm in length, 3 - 6 times shorter than the nail, on top chopped, sometimes clearly serrated naked.

subsp. moesiacus; subsp. genuinus Stoj. et Acht., 1. c. Plant with narrow leaves; basal relatively soft, 8 - 20 cm long and 0.5 - 1 mm wide; stem leaves about 1 - 1.5 mm wide. Calyx 10 - 13 mm in length. Widespread.
subsp. skobelevii (Vel.) Stoj. et Acht., op. c. 53; D. moesiacus var. skobelevii Vel., Fl. Bulg. Suppl. I (1898) 45; Hayek, 1. c: narrow leaves; basal bristle-like or almost threadlike, about 0.1 - 0.2 mm wide; stem leaves 0.2 - 0.4 mm wide. Calyx about 10 - 12 mm in length,up  to 2/3 or completely covered by the top leaves. The teeth of the calyx lanky lanceolate. The top leaves to pale whitish, approximately equally long, forming a common shell. Petals shorter; lamina about 5 mm long, linear shovel-like, somewhat irregularly toothed. Thracian Valley, Tundzha hilly plain (Sakar Mountain).
subsp. grančarovii (Urum.) Stoj. et Acht., 1. c .; D. grančarovii Urum, repertory BAS XXII (1926) 22. The basal leaves 0.5 - 2 mm wide; outer leaves forming shell, pale. Calyx 7 mm long, relatively wide, with broad triangular lanceolate teeth. Lamina of petals elliptical oval back, vaguely toothed, about 5 mm long. Stara Planina – Balkan Mountain (Gabrovo Mountain, Troyan Balkan and Karlovo Balkan).
subsp. stribrnyi (Vel.) Stoj. et Acht., 1. c .; D. stribrnyi Vel., Sitzb. Bohem. Gessell. . Wiss. (1893) 15 et Fl. Bulg. Suppl. I (1898) 49, p. p .; Hayek, op. c. 236. Basal leaves (0,5) 1 -3 mm wide; stem leaves 2 - 5 mm wide; peak leaves extended elliptical, from the dorsal side pass into quite hard awn,  sometimes greenish; outer leaves form a pinkish or pale shell wrapper around the blossom head. Calyx 8 - 10 mm in length with relatively broad triangular or triangular-lanceolate teeth. Lamina of petals lanky back oval, unclear notched. Thracian Valley, Middle Rhodopes.
subsp. sevlievensis (Deg. et Neič.) Stoj. et Acht., op. c. 54; D. vandasii Vel. var .. sevlievensis Deg. et Neič., Per. Magazines. LXIX (1908) 74: D. geticus Kulcz., Rospr. Vydz. Przyr. Math. Polsk. Akad. LIX, B (1923) 37; D. stribrnyi Vel., Op. c. 15, p. p. Green outer leaves, with long awns, stem leaves 3 - 5 mm wide. Calyx 10 - 13 mm in length. The teeth of the calyx narrowly lanceolate. Forms transitions to the typical plant. Northeastern Bulgaria. Fore, Eastern Balkan Mountains, the Danube plain.

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Червена книга на НР България”, том 1. Растения, БАН, София (1984)

Distribution in Bulgaria: In stony meadows and grassy places. Spread in all appropriate floristic regions from sea level to 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Bulgaria, Yugoslavia. Balkan endemic.

Medical plant: it is not medical plant in Bulgaria -

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

The carnation of Stribrnyi Dianthus moesiacus Vis. et Panč. subsp. stribrnyi (Vel.) Stoj. et Acht. is included in the "Red Book of PRepublic Bulgaria", Volume 1. Plants as rare species. Balkan endemic. Is included in the European list of rare, endangered and endemic plants vulnerable category.
"Red Book of PRepublic Bulgaria", Volume 1. Plants, BAS, Sofia (1984) / „Червена книга на НР България”, том 1. Растения, БАН, София (1984)

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Supplement: "Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria" - Electronic Edition

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1. 2. 3. 4.

Dianthus moesiacus 1. Dianthus moesiacus 2. Dianthus moesiacus 3. Dianthus moesiacus 4.


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