Genus:   Atropa L.

L., Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753) 181; Gen. PL, ed. 5 (1754) 85.

English Name:


Perennial herbaceous plants with simple to highly branched, naked or glandular pubescent stems. Leaves simple, entire, on contiguous or opposite handles. Blossoms regular, single, rarely 2, stemss in the bosom of the leaves. Corolla bell-shaped, the shares 5, pointed, rarely in mature fruit growing weak. Corolla tubular bell-shaped, with narrow five - lobed crown, green- brownish - purplish or greenish. Stamens 5, almost equal in length, shorter or longer than corolla; Staminal stems basically short densely fibrous, fused with the base of the corolla, anthers ovoid or elliptical, whitish to pale yellow. Duplicate wells ovary, at the base with a circular nectar disk. The bar equal to or longer than corolla, stigma thyroid. Fruit juicy strawberry with many seeds. Seeds small, flat, with  well-like surface.

Atropa is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Its best-known member is the Deadly Nightshade (A. belladonna). Its pharmacologically active ingredients include atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, all tropane alkaloids. The genus is named after Άτροπος (Atropos) of the Three Fates, the one which cut the life thread.
In some older classifications, the Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) is considered a species of the Atropa genus as Atropa mandragora.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria:(Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Genus Atropa is presented in Bulgaria by only one species:

Atropa bella-donna L. - Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade


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