Genus Cephalanthera Rich.

Fam:   Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Cephalanthera Rich.
English Name: No common name

Plants with creeping or sloping rhizome and numerous long roots. Stem densely leafy. Blossoms relatively large, sessile, collected in leafy, rarely raceme. Perianth leaflets collected in bell helmet. The lip shorter than them, squeezed in the middle and separated into two little parts, of which the rear swollen and hollow, windshield tightly and lanky, with 2 - 5 longitudinal comb growths. Polinel no common cancer. Ginostemium oblong, with unclear a small nose.

Genus Epipactoides is represented by four species in Bulgaria. One of them is protected by the Bulgarian Law on Biodiversity - Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

From: "Флора на НР България", том 2, БАН, София, (1964)

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Cephalanthera, abbreviated Ceph in horticultural trade, is a genus of mostly terrestrial orchids. Members of this genus have rhizomes rather than tubers. About 15 species are currently recognized, most of the native to Europe and Asia.[1][2] The only species found in the wild in North America is the Phantom Orchid or Snow Orchid C. austiniae.[3][4] Ecologically, this species is partially myco-heterotrophic. Some of the Eurasian species hybridise.

Several of the European species have common names including the word "helleborine", but this name does not correspond to any modern taxon, and orchids in other genera are also called helleborines. In addition to those listed here, very large numbers of other specific names will be found in the older literature, but these are almost all synonyms for the best known species such as C. longifolia or C. damasonium, the European White Helleborine.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

References: "Флора на НР България", том 2, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.


Cephalanthera damasonium (Mill.) Druce - Large white helleborine

Cephalanthera epipactoides Fisch & C. A. Mayer -

Cephalanthera longifolia (L.) Fritsch - Sward-Leaved Helleborine

Cephalanthera rubra (L.) L. C. Rich. - Red helleborine

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