Genus Clinopodium L.


L., Sp. Pl.r ed.l (1753) 587; Gen. PL, ed. 5 (1754) 249.

Fam:   Labiatae (Lamiaceae) Juss.
Genus:   Clinopodium L.
English Name: Calamint


Perennial herbaceous plants. Stems erect, sometimes slightly woodened at the base. Leaves sessile or on short stalks, ovate to elongated ovoid. Inflorescence complicated zymosan. Blossoms located in field canopies, collected in dense with multiple blossom, spaced apart vertebrae with numerous, almost equal to or shorter than the calyx, linear, pointed bracts. Calyx with 13 veins, pipe-like, slightly curved, clear bilabial; the upper lip with 3, the bottom two teeth, longer than the upper; tube with bristles at the opening. Bilabial corolla; upper lip entire or shallow incised, the lower tripartite  with middle share, and side partitions are shorter; corolla tube straight. 4 stamens shorter than corolla, verged, slightly curved. The bar with uneven stigmas, with short spiky top and wider, longer bottom portion. Globular or ovoid wren, smooth, naked.

¹ M. developed a Antchev

From  „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)

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Clinopodium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is in the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae, but little else can be said with certainty about its phylogenetic position.
The genus name Clinopodium is derived from the Latin clinopodion or the Greek klinopodion. These were names for Clinopodium vulgare. The Greek klino means "a bed" and the Greek podion means "a little foot". [2]
Clinopodium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora albitarsella.
Various Clinopodium species are used as medicinal herbs. For example C. laevigatum is used in Mexico as a tea under the name "Poleo" or "yerba de Borracho" to cure hangovers, stomach aches, and liver disease.
Clinopodium has been defined very differently by different authors. Some have restricted it to as few as 13 species, all closely related to the type species, Clinopodium vulgare. In the latest revision of Lamiaceae, Clinopodium encompassed about 100 species, including those otherwise placed in the genera Acinos, Calamintha, and Xenopoma. [3] This circumscription, called Clinopodium sensu lato, was shown to be polyphyletic in 2004. [4]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.


This Genus is presented in Bulgaria by only one species:

Clinopodium vulgare L. - Wild Basil

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