Genus Cyclamen L.
L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 45; L., Gen. PL ed. 5 (1754) 71
Fam: Primulaceae Vent.
Genus: Cyclamen L.
English Name: Sowbread
Perennial herbaceous plants, tubers spherical or flattened in vertical axis. Roots thin filament. Stems single, numerous, with single blossom on top. Leaves round, reniform, with heart-shaped base, long handles occurring during or after flowering. Calyx five parts-shaped, shares spiked, free, overlapping at the base. Corolla properly five parts-shaped, short tube, corolla shares forming crown or back pointed at, with or without tabs at the bottom. Stamens 5, attached at the base of tube, anthers back cuneiform. The bar back wedge with unclear shaped stigma. Ovary superior, single nest-shaped. Fruit box ball, seeds numerous, dish-shaped or three edge, small verrucose.
Economic importance . Some species are introduced into the culture of the XVII century. indoor and garden plants with high ornamental value. Tubers contain poisonous glycoside cyklamin.
Table for determining the types
1 Leaves rounded to reniform. Corolla parts without ears in the base. Blooming in the springs plants................... 2. Spring sowbread - C. coum Mill.
1 * Leaves polygonal. Corolla parts with ears at the bottom. Summer- and autumn blooming plants .........1. Autumn sowbread - C. hederifolium Ait.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)
Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
E-mail: email@example.com © K.Nanev