Genus Hepatica Mill.
Род. 302 (15), ГЪЛЪБОВИ ОЧИЧКИ — HEPATICA MILL.¹
Mill., Gard. Diet. Abridg. ed. 4 (1754) 2.
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Hepatica Mill.
English Name: Hepatica, Liverleaf
Perennial herbaceous plants with a well developed, thick, usually short rhizome. Leaves 3 to 5-fold, on long stems, shares with a smooth edge or jagged. Flowers single, bisexual. Perianth whorl, composed by 5 - 7 (10) blue, pink, purple or white leaflets; the top three stem leaves close to the blossom resembling calyx. The stamens are numerous, nectarines are missing. The torus convex. Fruits are numerous, fibrous. The fruit is composed of many nuts. Insect pollinating; propagated with seeds and vegetative.
¹ Developed by B. Kuzmanov
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Hepatica (hepatica, liverleaf, or liverwort) is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the buttercup family, native to central and northern Europe, Asia and eastern North America. Some botanists include Hepatica within a wider interpretation of Anemone.
The word hepatica derives from the Latin hepaticus (liver), because the three-lobed leaf was thought to resemble the human liver.
Bisexual flowers with pink, purple, blue, or white sepals and three green bracts appear singly on hairy stems from late winter to spring. Butterflies, moths, bees, flies and beetles are known pollinators.
The leaves are basal, leathery, and usually three-lobed, remaining over winter.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.Genus Hepatica Mill. is presented in Bulgaria by one only species:
Hepatica nobilis Mill. - Hepatica, Liverleaf
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