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Genus Malva L.

Род 495 (5). СЛЕЗ — MALVA L.
L., Sp. Pl.. ed. 1 (l753) 687; Gen. Pl. ed. 5 (1754) 308

Fam:   Malvaceae Juss.
Genus:   Malva L.
English Name: Mallow

Description:

Perennial, biennial or annual herbaceous plants. Stems erect, ascending or lying, sometimes stiffened at the base, most often entirely fibrous, rarely exposed. Stipule entire. Leaves entire, palm-shaped, with groove-like petioles above. The blossoms are numerous; single or 2 - 10 (rarely 14) in the grooves of the leaves, mainly from the base of the stem; at the upper parts of the stems and branches sometimes in compact or irregular clusters. Double calyx; outer sepals 3 (our representatives) or rarely 2, free; the inner 5, growing together to different degrees. Petals 5, incised at the top incised up to nearly two-lobed, rarely finely dentate, at the base narrowed in silky fibrous to the naked nail; red, purple, white or pink. Stamen tube divided into shares in numerous petioles, naked or fibrous; the anthers are yellowish. Ovaries numerous, with one ascending seedling; numerous styles; stigma filiform, lateral, located along the inner surface of the styles. Fruit dry, crumbly, discoid, concave in the middle, decomposing into numerous, laterally flattened, rounded fruiting lobes; the last non-burst, single-nested, single-seeded, arranged in a simple circle around the short, conical or flattened tip of the flower bed. Insect-pollinated and self-pollinated plants; propagated by seeds.

Economic importance. Due to the presence of large flowers (M. alcea L., M. moschata L., etc.) and interesting leaves (M. crispa (L.) L., etc.), some of the genus representatives are widely used as ornamental plants. All members of the genus are honey-bearing. In Central and Western Europe, a significant proportion of the genus representatives due to the presence of high levels of ascorbic acid and carotene in the leaves are consumed raw. Of blossoms of almost all types of paint are obtained paint. The paint of M. alcea is used as an indicator in chemistry. The leaves and flowers of M. sylvestris L. and M. neglecta Wallr are used in medicine. as a softening agent due to the presence of slimy substances.

Note: The petal color is altered upon herbarization.

Table for determination of the species

1    Stem leaves almost to the base 3 - 7-lobed ............................................................................................................ 2
1* Stem leaves with 3 - 7 shallow or at most 1/3 of the leaf length of the leaf lobes, rarely entire ............................. 3
2   Outer sepals ovate lance, externally outside stellated fibrous; fruit shares naked or only the dorsal wall scattered fibrous .................................................................................................................................................. 1. - M. alcea L.
2* Outer sepals linearly lance, outside naked; fruit shares amply fibrous ................................... 2. - M ;. moschata L.
3   Petals 15 - 30 mm long, 3 - 6 times longer than the inner sepals. Stamen tube with stellated hairs .........................………………………………………………..........................................……..... 3. - M. sylvestris L.
3* Petals 6 - 14 mm long, up to 2 times longer than inner petals. Stamens naked or with simple (rarely bipartite) hairs ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
4   Leaf shares wavy folded, sharply toothed ................................................................................... * - M. crispa (L.) L.
4* Leaf shares flat, rounded toothed ............................................................................................................................... 5
5   Outer sepals oblong or ovate. Fruit color handles upright ...................................................... 4. - M. nicaeensis All.
5* Outer sepals linear to lance. Blossom petioles at the fruit horizontal or downwards ......................................….… 6
6    Petals 2 times longer than the inner sepals. The dorsal wall of the fruit shares smooth to barely furrowed .........................…………………………………......................................................…..……... 6. - M. neglecta Wallr.
6* Petals equal or slightly longer than the inner sepals. The dorsal wall of the fruit shares with polygonal dimples ............................................................................................................................................................ 5. - M. pusilla Sm.

From:   „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, БАН, София, (1979)

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Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual, biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear the common English name mallow. The genus is widespread throughout the temperate, subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Europe.[3]
The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed. The flowers are from 0.5–5 cm diameter, with five pink, lilac, purple or white petals.
A number of species, previously considered to belong to Lavatera, have been moved to Malva.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Malva

The genus Malva is in the family Malvaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants).
Statistics are at the end of the page.

Species in Malva

NAME


Malva wigandii (Alef.) M.F. Ray

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva vidalii (Pau) Molero & J.M.Monts.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva verticillata L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva trimestris (L.) Salisb.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva tournefortiana L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva thuringiaca (L.) Vis.

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva sylvestris L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva stipulacea Cav.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva pusilla Sm.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva parviflora L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva occidentalis (S. Watson) M.F. Ray

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva nicaeensis All.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva neglecta Wallr.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva moschata L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva linnaei M.F.Ray

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva lindsayi (Moran) M.F. Ray

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva iljinii Riedl

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva hispanica L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva erecta J. Presl & C. Presl

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva cretica Cav.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva cathayensis M.G. Gilbert, Y. Tang & Dorr

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva borealis Wallman

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva assurgentiflora (Kellogg) M.F. Ray

Accepted

 

TRO

Malva arborea (L.) Webb & Berthel.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva alcea L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

Malva aegyptia L.

Accepted

 

WCSP (in review)

                                                                                   

From:   www.theplantlist.org › browse › Malvaceae › Malva

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Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution:

References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, БАН, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, www.theplantlist.org › browse › Malvaceae › Malva

SPECIES:

Malva neglecta Wallr. EN.html - Common mallow

Malva sylvestris L. EN.html - Cmmon mallow, Cheeses, High mallow and Tall mallow (mauve des bois

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