Genus Neottia SW.


Sw. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. Stockh. XXI (1800) 224.

Fam:   Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Neottia SW.
English Name: Twayblades


Inflorescence is like a bunch of grapes. Perianth five leaflets are gathered in bell-like helmet. Lip isl with spur, longer than other leaflets, duple. Ginostemium a stubby, does not cover the stamen. Stamen one. Beak extended. Blossom stalk is spirally curved. Saprophytic plants without chlorophyll. Rhizome with thick fleshy roots.
"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

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Neottia is a genus of orchids. The genus now includes the former genus Listera, commonly known as twayblades referring to the single pair of opposite leaves at the base of the flowering stem. The genus is native to temperate, subarctic and arctic regions across most of Europe, northern Asia (Siberia, China, the Himalayas, Central Asia, etc), and North America, with a few species extending into subtropical regions in the Mediterranean, Indochina, the southeastern United States, etc.[1][3][4][5][6]
Neottia produces a racemose inflorescences with flowers in shades of green or dull pink through to maroon and purple. The lip of each flower is prominently forked or two-lobed. Some species (those which were previously the only members of the genus Neottia in the strict sense, such as the bird's-nest orchid, Neottia nidus-avis) are completely without chlorophyll and have leaves which are reduced to scales.

Neottia is a genus of relatively small terrestrial orchids. Some (the former genus Listera) have chlorophyll and are hence gaining their energy from photosynthesis. Others (the formerly narrowly defined genus Neottia) lack chlorophyll and are dependent on fungi for their nutrition (mycotrophic). The flowering stem has a number of greenish or brownish bracts at the base. In the photosynthetic members of the genus there are also two more-or-less opposite green leaves (very rarely more than two in Neottia ovata). The flowers are individually small, in shades of green, yellow, brown or red to purple. The lip is usually much larger than the other five tepals, and is almost always deeply divided into two lobes at the end.[7] The other five tepals may form a loose hood.[8] The pollinia are not stalked.[7]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Genus Neottia SW is presented by one species in Bulgaria.

References: "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.


Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich. - Bird’s-nest Orchid



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