Genus Primula L.

L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 205; Gen. PI. ed. 5 (1754) 70

Fam:  Primulaceae Vent.
Genus: Primula L. 
English Name:


Perennial herbaceous plants with short oblique rhizome and fibers prominent roots. Stems erect or missing. Leaves simple, entire or toothed, collected in a basal rosette, covered with flour coating with glandular, or a mixture of simple hairs. Bracts lance, convex or flat base. Blossoms devided to the 5, collected in straight or splay umbel on top or single at the center of the rosette. Calyx bell-shaped. Corolla longer than the calyx, with a long tube and discoid or bell-shaped outstretched, back in a heart-shaped in the hole with simple or glandular hairs shares, ovary superior, 5 fruit-leaves, single station, the pedicle headed by stigma, stamens on short stalks hetero stylish or homo stylish. Fruit many seeds box or slightly narrowed on the middle below the top, bursting at the top with little teeth.
Economic importance. Medicinal plants. Rhizomes contain substances with coughing action, glycosides, tannins and others. The leaves have very high content of vitamin C and can be used in a young state for salad. Many species are grown as indoor park or ornamental plants. Honey.

Primula is a complex and varied genus, with a range of habitats from alpine slopes to boggy meadows. Plants bloom mostly during the spring, with flowers often appearing in spherical umbels on stout stems arising from basal rosettes of leaves; their flowers can be purple, yellow, red, pink, blue, or white. Some species show a white mealy bloom (farina) on various parts of the plant.[2] Many species are adapted to alpine climates.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.


Reference: „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)


Primula deorum Vel. - Rila primrose, Rila cowslis, God's cowslip

Primula elatior (L. ) Hill. - Oxlip, True oxlip

Primula farinosa L. - Bird's-eye primrose

Primula veris L. - Common cowslip

Primula vulgaris Huds. - Common primrose, English primrose

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