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Genus Prunella L.

Род 690 (29). ПРИШНИЦА — PRUNELLA L.¹

L., Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753) 600; Gen. PI., ed. 5 (1754) 261.

Fam:   Labiatae (Lamiaceae) Juss.
Genus:  Prunella L.
English Name: Selfheal,  Self-heal

Description:

Perennial herbaceous plants. Stem erect, lying down or rising slightly to. Leaves entire, feather-like chopped or divided with handles. Leaves of the bract other than stem leaves. The blossoms most often 4 - 6 in false vertebrae, forming ovoid or prolonged wheatear-similar inflorescences. Bracts small or missing. Cylindrical bell-shaped calyx with 10 veins, bilabial, more or less closing the fruit; upper lip with three short, the bottom with two longer teeth. Corolla bilabial, longer than the calyx, inside at the base with a ring of hatching cloth; upper lip entire, upright helmet-shaped, the lower with 3-shares, the average share tucked in, toothed. Stamens 4, both side are shorter; handles stamens have styliform appendage on top, anthers separated. The bar naked,  the top bipartite with styliform shares. Nuts 1.5 - 3 mm long and 1 mm wide, round, ovoid, oblong or elliptical, broad naked, brown, with pointed white appendage at the base and a blunt tip.

Table for determining the species

1  Plants densely fibrous. Upper stem leaves feather-like divided. Corolla yellowish or creamy, rarely purpl ... 3. Cutleaf selfheal - P. laciniata (L.) L.
1* Plants bare or sparsely hairy. All sheet entire. Corolla violet ............................................................................................................................. 2
2   Corolla 10 - 13 (-16) mm up to 2 times longer than the calyx. Inflorescence approximated the last couple leaves ................................................ ...................................................................................................................................................... 1. Common self-heal or Heal-all - P. vulgaris L.
2* Corolla 18 - 28 (30) mm, more than 2 times longer than the calyx. Inflorescence clearly distant from the last couple leaves ................................................................................................................................... 2. Self-heal, Lrge self-self heal - P. grandiflora (L.) Scholler
¹ developed M. Popova
From  „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)

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Prunella is a genus of herbaceous plants in the family Lamiaceae, also known as self-heals, heal-all, or allheal for their use in herbal medicine.
Habitat
Most are native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but Prunella vulgaris (the Common Self-heal) is Holarctic in distribution, occurring in North America as well, and is a common lawn weed. Self-heals are low-growing plants, and thrive in moist wasteland and grass, spreading rapidly to cover the ground. They are members of the mint family and have the square stem common to mints.[1][2][3]
Biological descriptions
The common name "self-heal" derives from the use of some species to treat a range of minor disorders. Self-heal can be grown from seed, or divide clumps in spring or autumn.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution:

Species:

Prunella laciniata (L.) L. - Cutleaf selfheal, Cut-leaved selfheal

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