Geranium brutium Casperr

Geranium brutium Gasparr., Rendic. Acad. Sci. Napoli 1 .(1842) 49; Webb et Ferguson, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 198; G. molle L. var. macropetalum Boiss., Fl. Or. I (1867) 582; G. villosum auct. Ten., Fl. Nap. I (1811) 61 et auct. Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 569, non Mill. — Бруциев здравец

Fam: Geraniaceae Juss. 
Genus:  Geranium L.
Species: Geranium brutium Casperr
English Name: Cranesbill

Annual or biennial, the root short, 8-50 cm tall plants. The stems are straight or exhilarated, single or multiple, spreading short, densely glandular and fibrous simply and scattered long white fibrous simply. The lowest leaves from 4.5 to 16.0 cm long outstretched just sat glandular and fibrous stems, 1-3 cm long, 1.5 - 5.0 cm wide, many in outlines - rounded to 1/2 the radius its palmate branched out of 5-7 ovoid back portions, each having a shallower or deeper devided of 3-4 litle parts, short tapered on both sides just white and sessile glandular fibrous generally declining after flowering. Stipules ovate lance shaped, often almost mid cut, tapered, leather, tan, fitting just fiber. Stem leafs have0.3 - 2.5 cm long stems, upper subsessile, 0.7 - 3.0 cm long, 1.2 - 5.0 cm wide, splited, as basal, consistent opposite. Two blossomson 1.0 - 7.5 cm long, spreading simple and glandular pubescent, petals bosom stems the lowest leaf of the blossom shorter than adjacent clusters handle. Bracts linear lanceolate, light brown, fitting simple and glandular pubescent. Blossom leafs 0.8 = 3.0 cm long, spreading and densely short glandular and fibrous scattered long simple white fibrous. Sepals 3-6 мм long, 1.2 - 2.0 mm in clear width, back lanceolate to ovate lanceolate, short-pointed, superficial and short glandular mainly edge and veins just long white fiber. Petals from 7.5 - 11.0 mm in clear width, twice longer than the sepals, ovate back on the top 1/3 - 1/4 of its length cut at the base narrowed into a thin wedge fibrous small nail, pink with purple darker streaks. Staminal handles hidden in the shade. Fruit parts 1, 3 -, 2.0 mm long, 1.1 - 1.5 mm in clear width, brown, naked, with transverse ribs and warts between them on loose after ripening seeds just short fiber, curved beard. Seeds 1.0 - 1.6 мм long, 0.9 -1.3 mm wide, light brown, smooth.

Flowering Time: Blooms IV - VI, fruitful V - VII.

References: „Флора на НРБ”, том VII, БАН, София (1979) 

Distribution in Bulgaria:

In dry grassy and rocky places in the plains, foothills and mountains. Danube Valley, Fore, WSP, Thracian Valley, Strandja, from sea level up to about 1,000 m altitude.

Distribution: Southern and Southeastern Europe.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: not medical plant -

1. 2. 3. 4.

Geranium brutium 1. Geranium brutium 2. Geranium brutium 3. Geranium brutium 4.

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