Helleborus odorus Waldst. et Kit.
1028. H. odorus Waldst. et Kit., in Willd., Enum. Pl. Horti Berol. (1809) 592; Hayek, Prodr. Fl Penins. Balc. I (1924) 299; H. cyclophyllus Boiss., Fl. Or. I, (1867) 61; Hayek, op. c. 298 — Миризлив кукуряк
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Helleborus L.
Species: Helleborus odorus Waldst. et Kit.
English Name: Fragrant hellebore
Perennial plant. Stems up to 60 cm tall. Basal leaves often overwintering, usually single; palm-similar, cut; shares 7 - 16, ovate lance, skinny, protruding veins, sharp toothed, on top or bottom fibrous. Flowers 2 - 4, 5 - 7 cm in diameter, greenish, aromatic. The sharess of the perianth are broadly ovate, light green or blue-green. Leaflets are basically free or accrete, narrowed or expanded. The styles are almost equal in length to the leaflets.
Business significance. Poisonous. It is used in veterinary medicine and as a strengthening tool in sheep breeding. Decorative plant.
Editorial Note. The localities of the West-Bulgarian borderlands, Struma valley, Rila, Pirin, Rhodopes, Belasitsa, Slavyanka, mountains, Thracian valley and Tundzha hilly plain should be referred to H. cyclophyllus Boiss., Fl. Or. 1 (1867) 61 - with 3 - 4 gray-green flowers and free, ground-colored blisters from which are known and introspective forms of H. odorus.
Flowering Time: Blooms: II - VI.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in forests, shrubs and meadows. Widespread in the foothills, the lower and the middle mountain belt, up to 1500 m altitude. Black Sea coast (Galata), Northeastern Bulgaria (on the north line Novi Pazar, Razgrad, Rousse), Danube Plain, Prebalkan, Stara Planina, Sofia region, Znepolski district, Vitosha region, Thracian Lowland, Tubjanska Hilly Plain. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southeast Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia (Northern Turkey), Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is, - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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