Hypericum hirstttum L.
1339 (3). Н. hirstttum L., Sp. Pl. ed. I (1753)786; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1925) 535; Стеф,, Год. Сеф. Унив. Агро-Лесоl. Фак. 11 5 (1933) 178 ; N. Robson, Fl. Eur. H. (1968) 264; Ехs: Hayek, Fl. St. Exsicc.(1912) 1200 — Власата звъника
Fam: Guttiferae Juss.
Genus: Hypericum L.
Species: Hypericum hirstttum L.
English Name: Hairy St John's-wort
Perennials. Rhizome horizontal. Stems erect or ascending at the base, 40 - 120 cm high, round. At the bottom reddish, at the top matte green, densely bristly fibrous. .Leaves 15 - 40 mm long and 6 - 18 mm wide, elliptical or elliptically lance, broadly wedge-shaped at the base, sessile, shortly bristly fibrous on both sides, a few reddish at the apex, on petioles or sessile glands, entire with convex veins and sterile twigs go bundles of small leaves in the axils. Inflorescences cluster panicles or semi-shields without sterile twigs, bristly fibrous to the apex; flowering twigs at the base with well-developed bracts. Bracts 1.5 - 2.5 mm long, lance or linear, glandular ciliate protruding along the edge, basically without glandular ears. Flowers 1.5 - 2.5 mm in diameter, erect on short petioles or sessile; sepals 3 - 6 mm long and 1 - 2 mm wide, equal to each other, divided at the base, twice shorter than the petals, lance to linear-lance, densely glandular ciliate protruding along the edge. Glandular lashes equal to half the width of the leaflets; petals 10 - 12 mm long, elliptical or back ovoid, in their lower half entire, short glandular ciliated at the top and with intramarginal glands and red reticular veins. Stamens fused in 3 groups; anthers yellow, without black gland. The ovary is shorter than the styles. The styles 3, spread out. The boxes are 6 - 9 mm long, ovoid, reddish-brown, with convex longitudinal, parallel to each other resinous grooves. Seeds 0 »9 - 1.2 mm long, cylindrically kidney-shaped, sharply warty light brown-red
Economic importance. Its leaves contain a high percentage of vitamin C.
From: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IV, Издателство на БАН, София, (1970)
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Hypericum hirsutum is a species of flowering plant in the family Hypericaceae, commonly known as hairy St John's-wort. It is found in Western Europe.
Hypericum hirsutum is a downy perennial plant that grows to two or three feet. It has erect stems and opposite pairs of untoothed, elongated oval leaves with translucent glandular dots. The terminal inflorescences have many pale yellow flowers. Each has five pointed sepals with stalked black dots on the margins. The five petals also may have black dots and the many stamens are in bundles. Hairy St John's wort is very similar to common St John's wort (H. perforatum) but can be distinguished by the downy stems and the much longer leaves.
Hypericum hirsutum is a species of temperate regions and grows in Europe and western Siberia. It is uncommon and localised in Finland which is to the north of its European range In Britain it is a widespread species except for the far north and west while it is rare and localised in Ireland being found at only two sites in Northern Ireland and with its Irish range centred around County Dublin.
Habitat and ecology
Hypericum hirsutum is a perennial herb which prefers free-draining, neutral to base-rich soils. It grows in open or partially shaded habitats such as rough and ungrazed grassland, clearings and rides in woodland, on the banks of rivers and road verges. In Britain it has an altitudinal range from sea level to 450 metres (1,480 ft) in Cumberland. At the very northern extreme of its range, in south-western Finland it grows in the open, lime rich situations and does not grow in shade.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in the bright forests and bushes in the mountains and foothills, Black Sea coast (Nessebar), Northeastern Bulgaria, Fore-Balkans, Danube plain, Stara Planina, Ziepol region (Konyovska mountain Golo Bardo), Vitosha region, Pirin, Rila, Tundzha hilly plain: Topolovgrad, Elhovo region), Strandzha, up to 1000 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, Caucasus, Siberia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IV, Издателство на БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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