Iberis umbellata L.
* I. umbellata L., Sp. Рl. ed. 1 (1753(649; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Peains. Balc. I (1925) 470 — Сенниковиден иберис
Fam: Cruciferae Juss. (Brassicaceae)
Genus: Iberis L.
Species: Iberis umbellata L
English Name: garden candytuft, globe candytuft
Anannual plant. Stems 20 - 40 cm high, often branched upwards. Bare plants or with single and barely visible hairs. Leaves elliptical lance; lower serrated to cut, the upper serrated and pointed. Inflorescences thyroid, dense. Blossoms white or pink. Sepals 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, inverted ovate. Petals up to 10 µm long, unequal. Fruit petioles equal to the pans. Pods 7 - 9 mm long, ovate broadly winged, separated at the apex by a wide indentation. Stems with disc-shaped, often duple twins protruding above the indentation of the pod. Seeds about 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm wide.
It is grown in gardens as an ornamental plant. It comes from southern Europe.
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Iberis umbellata, common name garden candytuft or globe candytuft, is a herbaceous annual flowering plant of the genus Iberis and the family Brassicaceae.
The genus name derives from "Iberia", the ancient name of Spain, while the species epithet comes from the Latin "umbel", meaning "umbrella" and refers to the shape of the inflorescence.
The biological form of Iberis umbellata is hemicryptophyte scapose, as its overwintering buds are situated just below the soil surface and the floral axis is more or less erect with a few leaves.
The stem is twisted at the base while the flowering branches are erect and leafy. This plant reaches a height of 30–50 centimetres (12–20 in). The leaves are green and linear-lanceolate, 15–25 millimetres (0.59–0.98 in) long. The flowers are in umbel-shaped corymbs. The calyx is violet and the corolla is composed of four white, pink or purple petals. The petals are rounded at the apex, with the peripheral ones forming a large vexillum 8–10 millimetres (0.31–0.39 in) long. The flowering period extends from May through June. The flowers are hermaphroditic and pollinated by bees and butterflies. The fruit is a silique 7–10 millimetres (0.28–0.39 in) long.
This species is native to the Mediterranean region. It is present in most of Europe, especially along the coasts, from Spain to Greece and in northern America.
It grows in dry rocky hillsides, in bushy areas and in clearings, preferably on calcareous soils, at an altitude of 0–1,300 metres (0–4,265 ft) above sea level.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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