IMPATIENS BALSAMINA L.
Fam: Balsaminaceae DC.
Genus: Impatiens L.
Impatiens balsamina L.
Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 938
English Name: Garden Balsam, Rose Balsam, Touch me Not
Impatiens balsamina is a species ofImpatiens native to southern Asia in India andMyanmar.It is called kamantigue in the Philippines. This species of Kalamantigue are used in teas. Boil the seeds after drying and you will get a tea.
The ripe seed pods explosively burst when touched, giving rise to the name "Touch me Not".
It is an annual plant growing to 20–75 cm tall, with a thick, but soft stem. The leaves are spirally-arranged, 2.5–9 cm long and 1–2.5 cm broad, with a deeply toothed margin. The flowers are red, pink, purple, or white, and 2.5–5 cm diameter; they are pollinated by bees and other insects, and also by nectar-feeding birds.
Different parts of the plant are used to treat disease and skin afflctions; the leaves, seeds, and stems are also edible if cooked. Juice from balsam leaves treats warts and also snakebite, while the flower can be applied to burns to cool the skin. Impatiens balsamina L. has been used as indigenous medicine in Asia for the treatment of rheumatism, fractures, and fingernail inflammation. In Korean folk medicine Impatiens ('Bong Seon Wha Dae') has been used to cure constipation and acute gastritis by meat. One in vitro study found Impatiens, especially the seed pod to have antibacterial activity against Multiple Antibiotic-Resistant Helicobacter pylori. It inhibits 5alpha-reductase, so may have potential medicinal use in male BPH/LUTs It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, and has becomenaturalised and invasive on several Pacific Ocean islands.
“Flora republicae populare Bulgaricae”, vol VII, Bulg. Acad. Sci., Sofia, (1979)
„Определител на растенията в България”, Д. Делипавлов и съавтори, ЗЕМИЗДАТ, София, (1983) – (преиздадена в 2003)
Distribution in Bulgaria: gardens in settlements
Conservation status and threats:
not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
1. 2. 3.
Impatiens balsamina 1. Impatiens balsamina 2. Impatiens balsamina 3.