Iris germanica L.
* I. germanica L. Sp. Pi. ed. 1 (1753) 38; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. III (1933) 121 — Синя перуника
Fam: Iridaceae Lindl.
Genus: Iris L.
Species: Iris germanica L.
English Name: The Bearded iris, the German iris
Perennial 30 - 100 cm tall plant. Rhizome thick, short creeping. The stem to the top branched, with many flowers. Gray-green leaves, wide 1,5 – 3,5 cm, sword-similar. Bracts oblong, with dorsal edge, half dry leathery. The flowers almost sessile, fragrant. Perianth tube equal to or slightly longer than the ovary. External perianth leaflets widely back ovoid, usually dark violet or blue, at the base pulled into yellow-white nail with brown streaks on top of the upper surface with a strip of yellow dyed cilia. Interior perianth leaflets rounded back ovate, light blue or light purple, at the bottom suddenly narrowed into a claw. The stems of the stamens with equally long anthers. The bar with open top appendages. Fruit oblong oval box, large.
From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)
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Iris x germanica is the accepted name for a species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae commonly known as the Bearded iris or the German iris. It is one of a group of hybrid origin.:87
Iris x germanica grows up to 120 cm high and 30 cm wide. It is a European hybrid, rather than a true wild species. The roots can go up to 10 cm deep and it is a rhizomatous perennial that blooms mid to late spring. It is known to produce the isoflavone irilone. Hundreds of hybrids exist representing nearly every colour from jet black to sparkling whites, except bright scarlet. Varieties include I. g. var. florentina and I. g. var. germanica.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VI.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grown throughout Bulgaria. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Middle Europe, the Mediterranean region, Balkans, Asia Minor.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not medical plant. - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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