Iris pumila L.
619 (5). I. pumila L. Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 38; I. Clusiana Rchb. Ic. IX t. CCCXXVII (1847) fig. 752; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. Ill (1933) 118 — Дребна перуника
Fam: Iridaceae Lindl.
Genus: Iris L
Species: Iris pumila L.
English Name: Pygmy iris
Perennial 10 - 15 cm tall plant. Stem quite low, hidden in the leaves on top of one, rarely two flowers. Gray-green leaves, widely linear, up to 10 cm long and 12 mm wide. After overblown developed twice as broad leaves. Bracts herbaceous, narrow on top leather, tubular rounded. Flowers sessile, violet rarely yellow. External perianth leaflets rounded or oblong, basically wedge narrowed, internal shares of equal length with external, on the top concave. The bar with triangular appendages on top. Fruit box at the top tapering. Seeds globular.
Economic importance. Shepherd of the sheep. The leaves contain vitamin C, and in the rhizome essential oil. Indicate as a poisonous plant.
From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)
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ris pumila, sometimes known as pygmy iris, probably originated as a natural hybrid between Iris pseudopumila Boissier & Heldreich and I. attica Tineo. It ranges from Austria through eastern Europe and the Balkans, Ukraine, southern Russia, and the Caucasus into Turkey.
Iris pumila is distinguished by single blooms held 10–15 cm above ground level on a lengthened perianth tube, with the ovary almost resting on the rhizome on a very short stem. The flower is protected by two spathes, both of which are round in cross-section. Flower color is quite variable: yellow and purple or violet are the most common, but blue, cream, white, and blended colors are also found. Most forms have a darker spot on the falls.
Beginning in the mid 20th century, Iris pumila was bred extensively with the hybrid tall bearded irises of gardens, giving rise to the great variety of modern dwarf and median bearded iris cultivars.
Another pumila hybrid is 'Iris coerulea' named by Édouard Spach in Hist. Veg. Phan. xiii. 50 in 1846.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - V.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in dry grassy and stony places throughout the country up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southeastern Europe, Mediterranean area, Balkans, Caucasus, Asia Minor.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is. - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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