Lathyrus pratensis L.

L. prateasis L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 733; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 815; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 140; L. pratensis var. glaberrimus Schur, Enum. PI. Transs. (1866) 175; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1,11 (1925); L. pratensis f. glabrescens Beck, Fl. Nied. Ősterr. (1892) 822; Стоян. Стеф. Китан., Фл. Бълг. изд. 4, II (1967) 654 — Ливадно секирче

Fam:   Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus:   Lathyrus L.
Species: Lathyrus pratensis L.
English Name: Meadow vetchling, Meadow pea


Perennial .. Rhizome horizontally, long. Stems single or several (20.0) 30.0 - 100.0 (130.0) cm tall, erect, ascending or half lying, rarely at the base root, four-sided, without wings, often branched, naked. Stipule (5.0) 10.0 - 30.0 mm long and 3.0 - 6.0 (10.0) mm wide, equal in length to the petiole, a little longer or a little shorter than her, little smaller than the sheets, lanceolate, with arched veins, naked. Leaf axis at least upper leaves with tendril; petiole without wings. Small leaves are a couple, (1,5) 2.0 - 4.0 (5.0) centimeters long and (2.0) 3.0 - 7.0 (9.0) mm wide, longer or slightly shorter of the  petiole, linear lanceolate to lanceolate or linear, pointed at the top and with 3 clearer ending at the top a small awn, arched or almost parallel veins, naked. Inflorescences handle much longer than inflorescences sheet. Bracts slightly shorter than or equal or equal to them, threadlike styliform, tunicates,. Blossom handles fitting white fibrous, slightly shorter than the tube or equal to it. Blossoms (2) 4 - 10 (12), (12.0) 14.0 - 16.0 (17.0) mm long. Calyx 2 times shorter than corolla, with 5 green clear and 10 - 15 more obscure brown streaks, short bristly fiber; teeth lanceolate to lance styliform, unequal to each other, the upper equal to the tube, the lower longer than it. Corolla lemon yellow. Flag (10.0) 12.0 - 13.0 (14.0) mm long and 8.0 - 9.0 mm wide, equal to wings, back ovoid to elongated oval, rounded at the top and entire, almost from the middle his suddenly narrowed in a wide fingernail. Broadly elliptical wings with a semi-circular or triangular irregular, lamina longer than the thin curved small nail, tongue constitutes 1/4 of the nail. The boat 9.0 - 10.0 mm long and 3.0 - 4.0 mm wide, lamina triangular elliptical, pointed tip. Beans 4.0 - 5.0 cm long and 4.0 - 5.0 mm wide, black, straight, shiny, with fine mesh streaks, with parallel edges, on top suddenly narrowed in short gore, naked. Seeds 6 - 10, brown, shiny, smooth, flattened rounded, slightly elongated, with a marble pattern; the scar 1/4 - 1/5 the circumference of the seed, flat, linear.

Economic significance. Good fodder and honey plant.

Note. Variability in terms of width and leaf shape, and the size of the blossoms is not correlated and can not be taxonomic organization. For Bulgaria  also indicate with hairs and naked forms. Could not be found, however the typical format specified by Stoyanov, Stefanov and Kitanov in Flora of Bulgaria, ed. 4, the fiber due to the many conflicting data and the impossibility of inspecting the plant, as described by Linnaeus. And in terms of this syndrome, however, show a great diversity with regard to both the nature of hairy and by the size of covered with cloth surface.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)


Meadow vetchling is a perennial plant with a limp, unwinged stem that grows to 25 to 60 cm (10 to 24 in) and is erect and hairy. The leaves are alternate with short stalks and large stipules. The leaf blades are pinnate with a single pair of broad lanceolate leaflets with blunt tips, entire margins and a terminal unbranched tendril. The inflorescence has a long stem and a cluster of five to twelve yellow flowers, each 10 to 16 mm (0.4 to 0.6 in) long. These have five sepals and five petals and are irregular. The uppermost petal is known as the "standard", the lateral two as the "wings" and the lowest two are joined to form the "keel". There are ten stamens and a single carpel. The fruit is a long black pod. This plant flowers from June to August.[3]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VII, fruitful: VII - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: In scrub, forest and meadows near the crops, in the plains, foothills and mountains. Spread up to 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (except for the extreme north), Caucasus, Southwest Asia, Central Asia, Siberia, Japan-China region, Indo-Himalayan region, North and Central Africa.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: - yes, it is -


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