Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr. In Lam. L. coronaria (L.) Desr. in Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. Ill (1792) 643; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1924) 288; Agrostemma coronaria L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 436; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 56 et Suppl. I (1898) 35 — Свиларка, кървавиче widely referenced under its synonym Silene coronaria Silene coronaria
(L.) Clairv., Agrostemma coronaria L.
Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr.
Fam: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus: Lychnis L.
Species: Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr. In Lam.
English Name: Rose campion, Mullein-pink and Bloody William
Perennial high 30 - 100 cm high, dense white fiber or white silk. Stem erect, in the upper part dichotomic branched, in the lower part densely listed on a basal rosette and top with rare leaves. Leaves oval lanceolate to linear lanceolate, pointed. Almost single color, with long handles. Calyx 15 - 20 mm in length, fiber, 5 unequal green longitudinal veins; the teeth of the calyx lanceolate, 5 - 7 mm in length, curved right. Petals red or exceptionally pink - red or white. Lamina entire or slightly incised on top, appendages of the crown are split, sharp. Egg box, opens with 5 rolled out teeth. Seeds kidney, black, with sharp rough surface.
Economic significance. Easily propagated as an ornamental plant, often grown in gardens with various garden forms. It is used in folk medicine.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967)
Silene coronaria is a species of flowering plant in the carnation family Caryophyllaceae, native to Asia and Europe. Common names include rose campion, dusty miller (this also refers to Centaurea cineraria and Jacobaea maritima), mullein-pink and bloody William.
In the United Kingdom it is still widely referenced under its synonym Lychnis coronaria.
The Latin coronaria means "used for garlands".
It is a perennial growing to 80 cm (31 in) tall by 45 cm (18 in) wide, with grey felted leaves and single, bright magenta flowers produced in succession in late summer. Though short-lived, the plant readily self-seeds in favourable locations. It is sometimes grown as a biennial. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - IX.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: In rare woods, thickets, clearings, afforested areas. Widespread in the lowlands and foothills, and climbs over 1000 meters altitude in Bulgaria. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Southwest and Central Asia, Indo-Himalayan region. Cultivated in Central, Western and Southern Europe.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: - yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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