Lychnis flos-cuculi L. Lychnis flos-cuculi L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 436; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 288 — Румянка, кукувичи цвят Fam: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus: Lychnis L.
Species: Lychnis flos-cuculi L.
English Name: Ragged robin
Perennial, high 30 - 60 (90) cm, slightly hairy. Flowering stems erect, with rare short hairs. Lower stem leaves elongated shovel-like, rare hairs, pointed; above linear lanceolate, bottom rough. Colors arranged in rare dihazniy-like inflorescences on short stalks, into knots sticky and red. Calyx tubular – bell-similar, naked, about 1 cm long, green or reddish, with 10 veins, with 5 teeth; last not longer than half the length of the tube. Petals dark purple to pale pink; lamina them clearly indented in its upper part into two or four parts, the lower part tapering in the claw; at the base of the lamina of the front side with double teeth flakes forming in the aggregate crown. Box 6 - 10 mm in length, back heart., Opening with 5 short teeth. Numerous seeds, kidney, brownish, with sharp rough surface. Volatility
subsp. flos-cuculi. Lamina of upper petals deeply 4- lobed, with narrow linear outstretched shares. Blossoms dark or light magenta. Widespread.
subsp. subintegra Hayek, Ősterr. Bot Zeitschr. LXX (1921) 14; L flos-cuculi subsp. cyrilli auct. Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 57 et auct. bulg., non Richt .; L. flos-cuculi var. cyrilli auct. Stoyan. Steph., Fluoro. Bul. Ed. 1, I (1924) 383, non Richt .; L. flos-cuculi var. subintegra Hayek, op. c. Lamina of petals at the top binary, with short rounded small units. Pale pink blossoms. Widespread.
Economic significance. Contains saponin and traces of alkaloids. Used in medicines - it is obtained preparations acting on the nervous and muscular system (floskulin etc.). Grazing of livestock, but blackstrap feed. Honey plant, gives beeswax and lemon honey. Ornamental plant, grows especially well on moist soils. There are also garden forms
From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967)
Lychnis flos-cuculi, commonly called Ragged Robin, is a herbaceous perennial plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. It is species is native to Europe, where it is found along roads and in wet meadows and pastures. In Britain it has declined in numbers because of modern farming techniques and draining of wet-lands and is no longer common. However, Lychnis flos-cuculi has become naturalized in parts of the northern United States and eastern Canada and has been listed as potentially invasive in some areas.
Lychnis flos-cuculi forms a rosette of low growing foliage with numerous flower stems 20 to 90 cm tall. The stems rise above the foliage and branch near the top of the stem and end with the pink flowers which are 3-4 cm across. The flowers have five narrow petals deeply divided into four lobes giving the flower an untidy, ragged appearance, hence its common name. The calyx tube is five-toothed with ten stamens. The leaves are paired, with the lower leaves spoon-shaped and stalked. The middle and upper leaves are linear-lanceolate with pointed apexes. All of the leaves are untoothed. The stems have barbed hairs pointing downward and these hairs make the plant rough to the touch. Ragged Robins bloom from May to August, occasionally later, and butterflies and long-tongued bees feed on the flowers nectar. The fruits consist of small (6-10 mm) capsules opening on top by five teeth and containing many small seeds, they are found on the plants from August onwards.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Widespread in Bulgaria throughout the humid and wet meadows, the periphery of marshes, loose brush with moist soil. It occurs almost throughout the country, in lowlands, foothills and mountains, up to 1200 – 1400 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe. Siberia, Caucasus. Adventitious in North America.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: - yes it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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