Orchis morio ssp. picta (Lois.) Asch. et Gr. (O. p. Lois)
594. (2). O. morio L. (Многогодишни растения) — Из ливадите; разпространено в цяла България. В низините и долния планински пояс (1 - 2). IV - VI. Фиг. 320
Fam: Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus: Orchis L.
Species: Orchis morio ssp. picta
English Name: Small-flowered green-winged orchid
Description: In our country (Bulgaria) only ssp. picta (Lois.) Asch. et Gr. (O. p. Lois),
var. picta- Spur atop dull, loose cluster. Spread;
var. škorpilii (Vel.) Hay (O. Š. Vel .; O. m. var. caucasica Stoj. Et Stef. Vix C. Koch) - Spur atop tapered, inflorescence short, concise. Around Sofia, Asenovgrad, Sliven.
„Флора на България”, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, част I, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966)
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Anacamptis morio, the green-winged orchid or green-veined orchid (synonym Orchis morio) is a flowering plant of the orchid family, Orchidaceae.
Green-winged orchid (A. morio) in bloom in meadow habitat
It is a native of western Eurasia, ranging from Europe to Iran. In the British Isles it is found in central-southern England, Wales and Ireland. It grows in grassy meadows, especially on limestone-rich soil, reaching a height of 40 cm.
It flowers from late April to June in the British Isles, and as early as February in other countries, such as France. The inflorescence is of various colours, mainly purple but ranging from white, through pink, to deep purple. From 5 to 25 helmet-shaped flowers grow in a loose, linear bunch at the top of the single stalk. The name morio is derived from the Greek word "moros" meaning "fool". This refers to the colorful, green striped flowers. A pair of lateral sepals with prominent green, occasionally purple veins extend laterally like "wings", giving the orchid its name. The broad, three lobed, lower petal is pale in the center with dark spots.
Leaves are lanceolate, or sometimes ovate, and grow in a rosette around the base of the plan, with some thinner leaves clasping the stem and sheathing almost up to the flowers. Leaves are green and unspotted.
It is similar in appearance to the early purple orchid, Orchis mascula, but has green stripes on the two lateral sepals, and lacks the spots or blotches of the Early Purple's leaves.
As of May 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts six subspecies:
- Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica
- Anacamptis morio subsp. champagneuxii
- Anacamptis morio subsp. longicornu (syn: Anacamptis longicornu) — western Mediterranean region.
- Anacamptis morio subsp. morio
- Anacamptis morio subsp. picta
- Anacamptis morio subsp. syriaca
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: April - June References: „Флора на България”, Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, част I, Наука и Изкуство, София, (1966), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Distribution in Bulgaria:
var. picta - Spur atop dull, loose cluster. Spread;
var. škorpilii (Vel.) Hay (O. Š. Vel .; O. m. var. caucasica Stoj. Et Stef. Vix C. Koch) - Spur atop tapered, inflorescence short, concise. Around Sofia, Asenovgrad, Sliven. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southern Europe, including Crimea, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Armenia, Iran.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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