Fam: Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus: Orchis L.
Species: Orchis militaris L.
Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 941 p. p.; O. Rivini Gouan Illustr. (1775) t. 74; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins.Balc.III (1933) 389
English Name: Military Orchid
Photo by Pryce Buckle
This plant grows to a height of 20 to 50 cm with a robust stem with rather drawn up oblong basal leaves. The inflorescence forms a purplish dense cone consisting of from 10 to 40 flowers. In each flower the sepals and side petals are gathered together to form a pointed "helmet" (whence it gets its name), a lilac colour outside and a veined purple colour inside. The central tongue finishes in two lobes separated by a tooth.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: April - last days of June
Reference: Wikipedia, “Flora of Republic Bulgaria”, vol. II, Bulg. Acad. Sci. Sofia, (1964)
Distribution in Bulgaria: All of Bulgaria. Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc
It is well distributed around Europe, reaching as far north as southern Sweden, but rather rare in the Mediterranean areas. It is extremely rare in Britain and a protected species, occurring only at the Rex Graham nature reserve in Suffolk and the Buckinghamshire Chilterns.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. . Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Photo(s) taken on May, 17. 2005, Erma Gorge
Medical plant: http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
Placed by kind permission of the proprietor
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © K.Nanev
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