Papaver dubium L.

Papaver dubium L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 1196; VeL, Fl. Bulg. Suppl. J (1898) 12; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 356; Mowat et Walters, Fl. Eur. 1(1964) 248—Дългоплоден мак.

Fam:   Papaveraceae Juss.
Genus:  Papaver L.
Species: Papaver dubium L.
English Name: Long-headed Poppy, Blindeyes


Papaver dubium is a species of poppy known by the common names Long-headed Poppy and Blindeyes. It is a very undemanding species which prefers sandy soils without lime. It is widespread throughout Europe and America.[1]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Long-headed Poppy - Papaver dubium
Family: Poppy Family – Papaveraceae
Growing form: Annual herb. Latex-containing.
Height: 30–60 cm (12–25 in.). Stem leaved, hairy.
Flower: Regular, 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in.) across. Petals 4, red with dark base. Sepals 2, fall off when the flower opens. Stamens numerous. Gynoecium with several fused carpels. Stigma star-shaped. Flowers solitary terminating stems.
Leaves: Alternate, stalked, hairy. Blade pinnately lobed with 1 mm long spine at ends. At least lowermost leaves with broad and blunt lobes.
Fruit: A club-like, smooth and hairless capsule, 2–3 times as long as broad. usu. with 6–9 rays.
Habitat: Cereal fields, ports, sometimes rubbish tips and roadsides. Also an escape.
Flowering time: June–July.
Long-headed poppy is an annual that is associated with cultivated plants, especially rye. It is originally a species of semi-oceanic climate. It spread to Southwestern Finland with seed corn from the south. Long-headed poppy has declined following the change in agricultural practices like many other weed species. Earlier the cleaning of seed corn was imperfect and, hence, the seeds of the weeds were sown together with the corn. Many weed species that are week competitors have vanished from the fields due to modern technology, efficient herbicides and seed corn inspections.
Long-headed poppy and its look-alike, corn poppy, also called field poppy (P. rhoeas), occur in similar habitats but the arts can be distinguished by the shape of their capsules. That of corn poppy is almost spherical with 7–16 stigma-rays.

Reference: Kasviatlas 2012, University of Helsinki

Flowering Time: Blooms: April - July

References: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Kasviatlas 2012, University of Helsinki, „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)

Distribution in Bulgaria: Through dry grassy places and as a weed in crops, plains and mountains lred. Widespread in all appropriate floristic regions in Bulgaria until around 1000 meters altitude.

Distribution: Europe, the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, Macaronesia.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Papaver dubium 1. Papaver dubium 2. Papaver dubium 3. Papaver dubium 4. Papaver dubium 5.

Papaver dubium 6. Papaver dubium 7. Papaver dubium 8. Papaver dubium 9.

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