Prunella laciniata (L.) L.

P. laciniata (L.) L., Sp. PL, ed. 2 (1762); 837; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1931) 265; Smith., Fl. Eur., Ill (1972) 162; P. vulgaris var. laciniata L., Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753) 600; P. alba Pallas ex M. B., Fl. Taur. — Cauc., II (1808) 67; Reichenb., Ic. Fl. Germ., XXVIII (1856) 1223 — Нарязанолистна пришница

Fam:   Labiatae (Lamiaceae) Juss.
Genus:   Prunella L.
Species: Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
English Name: Cutleaf selfheal, Cut-leaved selfheal


A perennial plant. Accumbens or creeping rhizome. The stem is rising slightly, single or branched, high (5) 10 - 35 (-50) cm, densely hairy, long knee-shaped hairs covered. Lower leaves with stems arranged in a rosette, ovate, oblong or elliptical lanceolate with smooth or slightly serrated edge. Middle and upper stem leaves feathering-like shared with more or less linear units or wholesale unevenly serrated leaves all with long white bristly hairs. Inflorescence sessile, ovoid or prolonged ovoid, long 2 - 6 sm. Bracts 8 - 10 mm in length and 15 - 17 mm wide, almost sessile, tunicates, green with net of streaks and gradually protracted peak and heart-like foundation, the outside with a cloth with ciliary edge. Calyx long 11 - 13 mm, thick at the base fiber, bilabial; upper lip on top with three short bearded teeth, on edge covered with cloth; lower lip on top with three short bearded teeth, on edge covered with cloth; lower deep cut in two triangular tapered towards the top tooth, which are covered with cilia. Corolla 15 - 17 mm in length, yellowish, pink or reddish, naked or slightly hairy on the midrib of the upper lip; upper lip straight or slightly curved arched; lower tripartite, the middle share jagged and screwed down. Stamens four. Stamens are four handles these side have curved down growth below the top; stigma equal or slightly longer than corolla. Wren elliptical, long 2 to 2.5 mm wide 1 - 1.5 mm mired at the top and base with a white appendage.

Species of the genus Prunella easily annealing each other. RRM: P. grandiflora x laciniata (P. bicolor Beck, B. variabilis Beck) - Vitosha Region, Kokalyane Monastery (Vihodtsevski 1972), Slavic Mountain (Drenovski, 1934); P. laciniata X vulgaris (P. intermedia Link., P. pinnatifida Pers.) – Black Sea Coast (Ahtopol-Jordan., 1934), Central Stara Planina (Gabrovsko, Sevlievo-Nejc., 1905, 1908 and, b; Stoian., Steph., 1948), Strandzha (Brodilovo-Jordan. op. in.).

As an ornamental in the gardens are cultivated species of the genus Monarda L. - M. fistulosa L., M. didyma L. etc., Perennial herbaceous plants of North America with a prominent center of the lower lip, narrow lateral shares and narrow, tapering to extended notched upper lip.

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, fruitful VIII - IX.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)

Distribution in Bulgaria: In open grassy and rocky meadows in the bushes around the mountain meadows. Widespread from 300 to 2000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Caucasus, Central and Atlantic Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, Iran. In North America transferred.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not medical plant -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

 E-mail:                                                                                                                  © K.Nanev   


Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved