Ranunculus polyanthemos L.
1074(3). R. polyanthemos L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 554; R. polyanthemos subsp. eupolyanthemos Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 341 — Многоцветно лютиче
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Ranunculus L.
Species: Ranunculus polyanthemos L.
English Name: Multiflowered buttercup
Perennial plant. The rhizome short; roots filamentous and corded, collected in a bundle. Stems erect, 20 - 60 cm tall, at the base they are not blooming thicken, longitudinally striped, branched in the upper part, with the daughters, and at the bottom part spread out, mostly rusty hairs. The basal leaves are palatable, to the base triple, covered with spread out hairs, with long stems; lance or linear, jagged, to the middle or almost to the base cut, resulting in the leaves appear to be 5-fold and the meddle 5 to 7-part share; the lower stem leaves with handles or sitting down, resembling basal leaves; the upper ones are seated deeply cut with linearly lanceolate, full-bodied or slightly serrated. The blossom stems longitudinally striped. Blossoms 1,3 - 2,5 (3, 0) cm in diameter. Sepals 5, ovate, fibrous, during blooming upright or clinging to the crown or slightly spread outward. Petals 5, 7 - 14 mm long, golden yellow. Fruit beds short, fibrous. Nuts 3 - 5 mm in diameter, rounded ovate, flat, bare, smooth; the bow, short, upright.
1 The shares of the basal leaves cut out at the outside the middle f. lattfolius (Wallr.) Nyar., Kv. Fl. III (1942) 228; R. polyanthemos α lattfolius Wallr., Sched. Crit. 1 (1822) 29; Hayek, 1st c .; R. polyanthemos var. lattfolius (Wallr.) Stoj. et Stef., Фл. Бълг. изд. 3 (1948) 465; R. polyanthemos var. latifissus Simk., Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 3 (1948) 465. Widespread.
1* The shares of the basal leaves cut deeper than the middle, with 2 - 3 pairs of narrowly lanceolate or linearly spaced apart pieces ........................ 2
2 The middle share of the basal leaves 5-part, with 2 pairs of lateral, narrow lancets, one above the other ................................ f. polyanthemos; R. polyanthemos β villosus Beck, Glassn. XXXVII (1925); Hayek, 1st c .; R. polyanthemos f. villosus (Beck) Nyar., Kv. FI. III (1942) 228. Widespread.
2* The middle share of the basal leaves 7-part, with 3 pairs placed one above the other, linear lancets side fragments ................................................ ................................................................. f. elegans (Beck) Nyar., 1. c .; R. poylyanthemos var. elegans Beck, 1st c .; Hayek, 1st c. Widespread.
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Ranunculus polyanthemos L. is an accepted name
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ranunculus (family Ranunculaceae).
The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Pl. 554 1753.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:713553-1.
From “The Plant List” - www.www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2527047
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2527047
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in dry meadows, forest meadows, bright forests, bushes. Spread, up to 2000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Eastern Europe, South-West Asia, Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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