Rosa pimpinellifolia L.
1475 (2). R. pimpinellifolia L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, II (1759) 1062; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 2 (1933) 561; Klášt., Fl. Eur. II (1968) 27; R. spinosissima L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 491; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, I (1924) 605; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1926) 743, p. p. — Анасонолистна шипка
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Rosa L.
Species: Rosa pimpinellifolia L.
English Name: Burnet rose
ђ. Stems 0.5 - 1 m tall with erect branches. Spikes varied: straight - at the base of the discoid and small - needle-shaped, located predominantly on the one-year-old twigs with flowers. Leaves 4 - 7 cm long; Leaf stems nude or glandular; (5) 7 - 9, elliptic, narrowly elliptical or round, 1 - 2.5 cm long, on the tip often rounded, less tapering, on the edge with simple teeth, bare and smooth, hairs on the main veins on the underside. The stipule are 0.5 - 1 cm wide, bare and smooth, on the edge often with glands. Flowers 4 - 5 cm in diameter, single. Flower stems 2 - 4 cm long, bare or strewn with rare glandular hairs. Leaflets of the calyx are entire, all-round, narrowly lance, on top pointed, nude or on the outside, rarely with glandular hairs, after blossoming spread or erect. Petals white, with pale pink hue (this is best seen in the buds). The stairs covered with white hairs. Fruits broadly ellipsoid, dark pink to wine-red.
Economic importance. It can be used as a decorative plant and to strengthen erosion sites. Fruits contain vitamin C on average 1246 mg% of crude.
From „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973)
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Rosa pimpinellifolia, the burnet rose, is a species of rose native to western, central and southern Europe (north to Iceland and Norway) and northwest Africa. It is generally restricted to sand dunes or limestone pavements and typically has a coastal distribution when not on limestone. In emblematic terms it is particularly associated with Scotland, where it is traditionally referenced in poetry and song, and is a symbolic native plant second only to the thistle.
It is a rather low erect deciduous plant usually from 20–140 cm high but sometimes up to 2 metres. It spreads by basal shoots and can cover large areas. The stems have very numerous stiff bristles and many straight prickles. The young stems and prickles and the mature leaves tend to be very red with young growth a bright scarlet and older growth a deep maroon.
The flowers are cream-white although rarely also pale pink. They are 2–4 cm diameter with five petals, which produce a distinctive globular dark purple to black hips.
Similar plants native further east in Asia, sometimes treated as Rosa pimpinellifolia var. subalpina, are now regarded as a separate species Rosa oxyacantha (Flora of China); it differs in having pink flowers and red hips.
Numerous varieties are cultivated, of which "Stanwell Perpetual" has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It has very pale pink double flowers, fading to white.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII, fertility: VIII - IX.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow on rocky terrain in the mountain belt. Middle Stara Planina (southern side of the Kozia wall), about 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Western and Central Europe, the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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