Salvia glutinosa L.
2706 (8). S. glutinosa L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1 (1753) 26; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1929) 306; Hedge, Fl, Eur., III (1972) 191; Exs.: Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. No 964 — Жълта какула
Fam: Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus: Salvia L.
Species: Salvia glutinosa L.
English Name: Glutinous sage, Sticky sage, Jupiter's sage, Jupiter's distaff
Perennial plant. Stem (30-) 50 - 125 cm high, usually upright, usually simple, more or less dense short filamentous. Leaves entire; the lower 60 - 160 mm long and 50 - 120 mm wide, the stem leaves smaller; egg-shaped triangular to ovate oblong, at the base lanceolate or arrow-shaped, at the top long pointed, large, uneven to deeply rounded jagged; green, with contiguous glands and dense short simple hairs or naked; petioles 15 - 120 mm long, with long bent hairs. Bracts not reaching the top of the calyx, ovoid to elliptical, sitting down, tipped at the top, green; outer side with long glandular hairs. The vertebrae of 4 – 6 blossoms, 6 - 16 in number, spaced; the axis with short, simple and glandular hairs, sticky. Blossom petioles about 5 mm long, with the fruit protruding, densely glandular fibrous; at the base with two small, lanceo, green with glitis and simple hairs, mostly on the edge, the bract. The 10 - 12 mm long, tubular bell-shaped calyx, with thick glands and simple hairs on the inside with scattered hairs, with the fruit growing; the upper lip with the fetus almost straight, almost entire to short trident, the lower deeply incised, longer than the upper one. Corolla 30 - 45 mm long, yellow, inside with brown violet strips and thinned simple and glandular hairs; upper lip sickle, more or less incised, shorter than lower; the latter with elliptical oblong side fragments and medium, shorter of them, broadly backward egg-shaped, incised more or less deeply serrated share; the tube is considerably longer than the calyx, at the top expanded, on the inside with scattered lumps all along the length. The stamens shorter than the upper lip hidden in it; articulated at the point of attachment of the stamen petiole with the anther connection; the petioles shorter than the anther links; shoulders unequal, the lower an anther pouch reduced in a simple chisel plate; sterile. The style more or less longer than the upper lip. Nuts about 3.5 mm long, and 2 mm wide, back ovoid to oblong, brown with a darker net, smooth.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)
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Salvia glutinosa (glutinous sage, sticky sage, Jupiter's sage, Jupiter's distaff) is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family.
Salvia glutinosa grows to approximately 40–60 centimetres (16–24 in) tall. The stems are erect, with bright green hairy leaves that are about 13 cm (5.1 in) long, with petioles of about 8–10 centimetres (3.1–3.9 in). The leaves are deciduous, toothed, pointed, tomentose and glandular. With the first frosts, foliage disappears and the plant is ready to overwinter in dormant buds.
All parts of the plant are covered with sticky glandular hairs, especially the lime-green calyces and the flowers, resulting in the name "glutinosa". These sticky hairs probably have a protective function against predators. Salvia glutinosa is the main host plant of the plant bug Macrotylus quadrilineatus, that feeds on the juices of the plant and on small insects entrapped on this sticky sage.
Flowers grow in whorls of two to six, with pale yellow flowers speckled with maroon. The flowers are supported by tiny persistent bracts and have a length of 3 to 5 centimetres (1.2 to 2.0 in), which is quite big for a sage. The flowers have two stamens and a bell-shaped calyx. The flowering period extends from June to September.
This plant is native to Central and East Europe, and West Asia.
Salvia glutinosa is found in forested areas in deciduous and mixed woods especially in the shade and partial shade and in calcareous soils, at an altitude of 100–1,600 metres (330–5,250 ft) above sea level.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Bloomss: VI - IX.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on pebbly and rocky places, on wet places in deciduous forests, bushes and coniferous forests in plains, foothills and plains. Distributed (excluding the Black Sea coast) from 160 to 2100 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southern Europe, South-West Asia (Asia Minor, North and North-West Iran), Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: From: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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