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Saxifraga bulbifera L.

Saxifraga bulbifera L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753)403; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 636; D. A. Webb, Fl. Eur. I (1964) 376; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. No 552 — Луковична каменоломка

Fam:  Saxifragaceae Juss.
Genus:   Saxifraga L.
Species: Saxifraga bulbifera L.
English Name: Bulbous saxifrage


Description:

Perennial. Stems erect, (15) 20 - 40 (50) cm high, dense, oblique, sticky glandular hairy, usually simple, rarely in the top part ramified, at the base remains of leaves. Successive leaves; The lowest leaves collected in the rosette (5) 8 - 12 (16) mm long, 6 - 12 (20) mm wide, reniform, heart-shaped at the base to the heart-shaped wedge, gradually narrowed in 25 (35) mm long glandular fibrous stems in the breasts with very large bulbs, rounded wholesale serrated edge without cartilage on both sides fibrous green to redish-green; Stem 10 - 20, 5 - 10 mm long and 3 - 5 mm wide, very little fibrous-glandular, triangular heart- lance to elliptical and linear lance, deeply serrated to devided, partitions triangular, the lower wedge narrowed to short petioles, middle and upper sessile, entire past, all in the bosom of tiny bulbs. Clusters concise, umbel-like, rarely loose multi-blossom panicle, blossom twigs collected, densely glandular pubescent. Bracts 2 - 4 mm long and 1 - 1.5 mm wide, densely glandular pubescent in the axils of small bulbs. Pedicels (3) 5 - 8 (20) mm long, densely glandular pubescent, usually shorter than the box. Sepals connate to half in the free part, 2,5 - 4 mm long and 0.5 to 2.3 mm in clear width, ovate three-cornered blunt to short almost pointed, from outside glandular pubescent, green, fetal face. Petals 6 -10 mm long and 2 - 4.5 mm wide, extended back ovoid, shovel-like, lower part gradually narrowed, white, equal to each other, on the upper surface glandular short fiber, up to 2 times longer than the calyx. Staminal handles fibrous, yellow anthers. Box 4 - 6 mm long and 4 - 5 mm wide, ovoid spherical; pedicles spread . Seeds 0.6 to 0.7 мм long, extended ovoid, with regular, perfectly sharp papillae small, dark brown to brownish.


Flowering Time: Blooms IV - VIII, fruitful VII - IX.


References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)


Distribution in Bulgaria: In wet grassy places and meadows in scrub and forest edge . Common (except the Black Sea coast, the Thracian lowland, Eastern Rhodopes, Strandja mountains) between 100 and 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.


Distribution: Central and Southern Europe.


Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие


Medical plant: yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096

1. 2. 3. 4.

Saxifraga bulbifera 1. Saxifraga bulbifera 2. Saxifraga bulbifera 3. Saxifraga bulbifera 4.

 

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