Scrophularia umbrosa Dum.

Scrophularia umbrosa Dum., Fl. Belg. (1827) 37; Richardson, Fl. Eur. Ill (1972) 219;& alata Gilib., Fl. Lith. I (1781) 127; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 420; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 998; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. II (1929) 149; S. alata Gilib. var. debilis Vel., Fl. Bulg. Suppl. I (1898) 211 — Сенколюбиво живениче

Fam:   Scrophulariaceae Juss.
Genus:   Scrophularia L.
Species: Scrophularia umbrosa Dum.
English Name: Green figwort, Water betony


Perennials. Rhizome fusiform not tickenedi. Stems erect, 40-150 cm tall, 5-7 mm in diameter, single or in the upper part branching partially cure, hollow, with 4 edges, the edges broadly membranous to membranous winged leathery, at the base and top of unit glands to naked on top of mostly naked. Celery leaves, 5-8 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, in vertebra, on the winged up to 1 cm long stems or lamina sat, extended elliptic, lance-shaped to narrowly ovate, the edge evenly finely serrated to serrated; basically cut in wedges, on both sides with rare glandular hairs to bare with anastomo-shaped streaked. Raceme on top. Bracts herbaceous, lance-shaped, tapering to the top styliform drained, 10 -14 mm long, 2-4 mm in clear width, with single glands to bare. Pedicels 5-15 мм long, erect or curved, with single glands to bare. Calyx 2.5 to 3.5 мм long, wide bell-shaped; shares rounded up, scoop-shaped, in the middle with a distinct keel, rarely without a keel, 1,8 - 2 mm long and wide, the rim light wide (0,8 - 1 mm ) membranous, with single glands to bare. Corolla 4.8 - 6.2 мм long, in the basis dark red, up greenish to greenish brown, tube slightly inflated to cylindrical; upper lip binary, shares rounded; lower tripartite partition smaller than the upper, rounded, naked. Stamens glandular at the top; stigma reniform, double-triple wider than tall. Box 4 - 5 mm long, 4.5 - 4.7 mm wide, spherical to broadly ovate, short-pointed tip, naked. Seeds elliptic, 0.8 - 1 mm long, 0.2 - 0.5 mm wide, rough, cross-wrinkled, brown to dark brown.

Flowering Time:

Blooms VI-VII, fruitful VI-IX.


„Флора на Република България”, том Х, БАН, София, 1995

Distribution in Bulgaria:

In moist grassy areas near streams and rivers. In all appropriate floristic regions from the sea level up to about 1,200 m altitude.


Europe, West and Central Asia.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plan: it is not in Bulgaria -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Scrophularia umbrosa 1. Scrophularia umbrosa 2. Scrophularia umbrosa 3. Scrophularia umbrosa 4.

Scrophularia umbrosa 5. Scrophularia umbrosa 6. Scrophularia umbrosa 7.

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