Silene armeria L. Silene armeria L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 420; Boiss. Fl. Or. 1 (1867) 583; Rohrh., Monogr. Silene (1868) 149; F.N. Williams, Journ. Linn. Soc. XXXII (1896)108; Hayek, Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. 1 (1924) 272; Chater et Waiters, FL Eur. 1 (1964) 174 —Кичуресто, армериевидно плюскавиче Fam: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus: Silene L.
Species: Silene armeria L.
English Name: Sweet William catchfly
Annual to biennial, naked, 10 - 50 cm high plant. Stems single (rarely a lot), erect or rose slightly to, naked, sticky upper internodes; unbranched or branched. Leaves bare entire or finely serrated edge cartilage in their lower end; at the base are collected in the rosette, elongated to back to lance linear, up to 8 cm long, 1 cm wide; stem leaves 5 - 8 pairs, sessile; lower linear, ovate to elliptic, 2 - 8 cm long, 0.6 - 2 cm wide; upper shorter, egg-shaped heart-, semi wrap the stem with base or lanceolate, Inflorescence tip, mostly symmetrical dihaziy with shortened or extended internodes at the base with a pair of webbed bracts, always closer than 4 mm. Blossoms bisexual, face with bare handles. Calyx membranous, naked, sometimes dyed wine red, cylindrical clubbed on the bottom cut, from bottom to top gradually expanded slightly, with 5 teeth, 12.5 - 15 mm in length, with 10 parallel streaks or vague streaks, fetal Lying close to it; the teeth of the calyx blunt, with wide membranous, winged edge. Petals red to pink red; nail goal, linear, 7 - 8 mm long, flowing directly into the plate or separated from it with two light curves; across the plate, ovoid back to back ovoid triangular on top rounded or rarely toothed, 4 - 5 mm in length, about 3 mm wide at the base with a crown of two linear styliform growths, reaching its environment. Filament naked. Pistils is naked. The bars are three. Fruit box cylindrical, 7 - 8 mm in length, about 2 mm wide, with 6 teeth, with about 1.2 mm wide hole, in the bottom triplicate wells. Karpoforo goal, 8 - 9.5 mm long. Seeds reniform, flattened to the kidney, from 0.55 to 0.71 mm in length, brown, wart-like; warts conical, pointed at the top. From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967) Silene armeria, commonly known as the Sweet William catchfly, is a plant of the family Caryophyllaceae. Originally a native of Europe, it has become widespread in the USA. A small-growing form is known as dwarf catchfly. The name comes from the way in which small insects are trapped by the sticky sap exuded onto the stem. However it is not currently regarded as a carnivorous plant, though it has been identified as a carnivorous plant in the past.
The plant between 20-70 cm in height. Leaves numerous 2.5-5 cm long, elliptic, oval, or narrowly oval, smooth. Blooming period in British Isles - June-July. Clusters of pink or lavender flowers arranged somewhat openly or compactly at end of stems. Stem hairless (glabrous) or slightly hairy with sticky areas, especially just below the cluster.
A plant native of Europe in roadsides, weedy places. Has been introduced to North America and latter escaped cultivation become an invasive species.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1967)
Distribution in Bulgaria: Stony, rocky grassy and rocky places in the foothills; through rare shrubs along roads. Spread throughout the appropriate floristic regions in Bulgaria from 350 to 1400 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southern Europe. Brought to Siberia, Indo-Himalayan region, North and South America.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not medical plant in Bulgaria - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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