Stachys alpina L.
2658 (1). S. alpina L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1 (1753) 581; Hayek, FL Prodr. Penins. Balc., II (1929) 287; Ball, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 153 — Алпийски чистец
Fam: Labiatae juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus: Stachys L.
Species: Stachys alpina L.
English Name: Alpin wounderwort, Limestone wounderwort
Perennial plant. The rhizome short, horizontally. Stem upright, 50 - 100 cm high, simple or branched, fibrous to thick fiber, to the upper part mixed simple and glandular fiber. The leaves ovate or prolonged ovate, at the base heartbeat, to the tip gradually narrowed, on the edge large jagged, green, on both sides more or. less fibrous, 5 - 13 cm long, 3 - 9 cm wide, the basic and lower stem leaves with petioles, the middle with short petioles, the upper ones sitting, the bract leaves oval lance, two times longer than the vertebrae. Blossoms with short (1 - 2 mm) petioles, 10 - 20, gathered in a classy inflorescence, the lowest distances. The bracts are closely linear, almost equal to the calyx, densely white fibrous and with glandular hairs. The calyx tubular bell, 6 - 12 mm long, green purple with spread out simple and glandular hairs, inside around the hole with scattered long hairs; the teeth are ovoid triangular, abundantly glandular fibrous, upper 3 larger and twice shorter than the tube. The crown 15 - 22 mm long, the tube almost equal to the calyx; lips dark red violet with a drawing of darker spots, outside almost naked or fibrous, the upper 4 - 5 mm long, the lower 6 - 10 mm, the middle share broadly rounded, the lateral short. The nuts are back ovoid, rounded 2.2 - 2.5 mm long, 1.8 - 2.0 mm wide, brown to dark brown.
1 The whole plant gray-green, densely fibrous; the stem in the upper part with rare glandular hairs ........ subsp. dinarica Murb., Beitr. Fl. Südbosn. (1891) 61; S. alpina var. dinarica (Murb.) Stoj., Stef., Fl. Bulg., Ed. 2 (1933) 869. West Boundary Mountains, Belasitsa, Pirin, Rila, Rhodopes (Western, Middle, Eastern).
1* The plant is green, rarely fibrous; stem at the top dense glandular fiber subsp. alpina .............. Middle and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha, Western Border Mountains (Rila, Sredna Gora, Middle and Western ........................................................................................................ 2
2 The upper corolla lip naked var. alpina. Middle and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha, Sredna gora.
2* Upper corolla lip with long white hairs ............... var. balkanica Stoj., Изв. Бълг. бот. друж., I (1926), I (1926). Middle and Western Stara Planina Mountains, Vitosha Mountains, Western Border Mountains (Osogovska), Rila, Sredna Gora (Lozen Mountains), Middle and Western Rhodopes.
Note. At an altitude of over 2000 m in Rila and Pirin S. alpina subsp, dinarica Murb. is distinguished by a smaller height (30 - 40 cm), with single glandular lobes in the upper part of the stem and an even stronger gray-fiber indumentum of simple hairs.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989) Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, fruitful: VII - IX. Distribution in Bulgaria: Growingn on open grassy places, rare forests and mountain clearances. Western and Central Stara Planina, Vitosha region, Western border mountains (Osogovska, Vlahina, Maleshevska), Pirin, Rila, Sredna gora and the Rhodopes mountains, from 900 to 2200 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Western, Central and Southern Europe, Caucasus, Southwest Asia (Asia Minor).
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)
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