Symphytum  officinale L.

S. officinale L„ Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753) 36; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1928) 55; Pawl., Fl. Eur., Ill (1972) 104; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. N 951 — Черен оман


Genus:  SYMPHYTUM L.  

Species: Symphytum  officinale  L. 

English Name:  Comfrey


The hardy plant can grow to a height of 1 m (3 ft).Comfrey has been used in folk medicine as a poultice for treating burns and wounds. However, internal consumption, such as in the form of tisane, is discouraged, as it has been highly debated about whether it can cause serious liver damage.

Symphytum officinale is a perennial flowering plant of the genus Symphytum in the family Boraginaceae. Along with several other species of Symphytum, it is commonly known ascomfrey. To differentiate it from other comfreys, this species may be known as common comfrey, Quaker comfrey, and cultivated comfrey. Other common names include boneset, knitbone, consound, and slippery-root. It is native to Europe and it is known elsewhere, including North America, as an introduced species and sometimes aweed. 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Symphytum officinale, Comfrey is a perennial herb with hairy leaves and bell-shaped flowers. Native to Europe, growing in damp, grassy places, this ancient medicinal herb was once thought to protect travellers on their journeys. Comfrey should be termed as a “super-plant” it can be used as a medicinal herb, tea, vegetable, animal feed and green manure. Tall and wide spreading, it reaches a height of 60 to 90cm. With large, coarse leaves and flowers which are blue or creamy white grow in spikes and bloom all summer. It is easy to grow, spreads rapidly once established and lives for many years.

Flowering Time:  April  -  October  

Origin:  „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

Distribution in Bulgaria

These plants grow in bushy  and damp places around rivers, as well in the plains, as foothills and mountains in all appropriate floristic regions in Bulgaria from sea level up to 1500 m altitude. Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc 


              Europe (without of the close South- and North- parts), Caucasus, Middle Asia.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant


Symphytum officinale 1.


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